Tips And Tricks And Shortcuts For Objective Reasoning

Objective Reasoning Tips and Tricks and Shortcuts

Here, are some quick and easy tips and tricks for you to follow to solve Objective Reasoning problems competently in competitive exams.
1. There should be no mutual contradiction if the statement is made of two or more sentences.

2. Both the statement and conclusion should not go against any established facts or the prevailing concept of truth.

3. The use of words like always, only, exactly, at least, and so on make the conclusion unclear and invalid.

4. The keywords like such as all, few, most, must, no, had to, will be, always, few, never, should be, may, may not will help in analyzing valid and invalid conclusion.

5.The conclusion is invalid it is provided with a stated example.

There are 4 types of problems asked in the exam:

Type 1: When only 1 conclusion follows

Question 1.

Statement:
We will win the match if all the players play with their full potential. We finally won the match.

Conclusion:
I.   All the players played with their full potential.
II.  Because of only some players we won the match.

A.Only conclusion I follows
B.Only conclusion II follows
C.Either I or II follows
D.Neither I nor II follows
E.Both I and II follows

Correct answer A

Explanation:

It is clearly mentioned in the statement that if all the players will give their best than only we can win the match. Therefore, only conclusion I follows and conclusion II does not.

Question 2:

Statement:
Market risks are there in security investment. Hence before investing one should consult its investment advisor.

Conclusion:
I.   No one should invest in securities.
II.  The investment advisor analyzes the market risk and advices where and when to invest.

A.Only conclusion I follows
B.Only conclusion II follows
C.Either I or II follows
D.Neither I nor II follows
E.Both I and II follows

Correct answer: B

Explanation:

In the statement above it is clearly mentioned that security investment includes market risk and people investing should consult their investment advisor as he gives proper advices analyzing the market risk with the certainty. Nowhere in the sentence is it mentioned that no one should invest in market security. Therefore, only conclusion II follows.

Type 2: When neither conclusion 1 nor 2 follows

Question 1.

Statement: 
Escaping from any problem is not a solution.

Conclusion:
I.   All the people in the world have some problem in their life.
II.  Life becomes dull if you do not face any problem.

A.Only conclusion I follows
B.Only conclusion II follows
C.Either I or II follows
D.Neither I nor II follows
E.Both I and II follows

Correct answer: D

Explanation:

The conclusion I and II is just an assumption and not a conclusion. Therefore, it is very clear that neither I nor II follows the statement.

Type 3: When either conclusion 1 or 2 follows

Question 1.

Statement: 
“Due to change in the international oil prices, the government will review the present diesel price policy”. The government representator.

Conclusion:
I.   The government will increase the diesel price
II.  The government will not increase the diesel price.

A.Only conclusion I follows
B.Only conclusion II follows
C.Either I or II follows
D.Neither I nor II follows
E.Both I and II follows

Correct answer C

Explanation:

The government will review the policy to determine whether the price of the diesel needs to be increased or it can be kept the same by adjusting the price of some other factors. Therefore, either decision must be taken. Thus, either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

Type 4: When both conclusion 1 and 2 follows

Question 1.

Statement:
One should better hold something it has in the hand than to risk it trying to get something better.

Conclusion:
I.   We should be satisfied with what we have.
II.  We should not desire for what is not.

A.Only conclusion I follows
B.Only conclusion II follows
C.Either I or II follows
D.Neither I nor II follows
E.Both I and II follows

Correct answer: E

Explanation:

Both the conclusion clearly brings out the main subject of the statement. Therefore, both conclusion I and II follows.

tips and tricks and shortcuts for objective reasoning

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