# Formula for Analogy and Classification Recognition

## Formula for Analogy and Classification Recognition & Definition:-

The word analogy means “correspondence” which implies a similarity between any two numbers, or objects, or words. This page here on contains Formula for Analogy and Classification Recognition.

Logical analogy is one of the commonly asked questions in competitive exams. In analogy we compare things according to which group they belong to.

In such type of questions, we would be given any two objects that are somehow related to each other. Then we will be given a third object and shall be asked to find the fourth object which is somewhat similar to the 3’rd object from the given options.

## Formula for Analogy and Classification Recognition & Definition:-

The page consists of formulas for Analogy and Classification Recognition to find out the similarity between any two numbers, or objects, or words. Through this page you will learn all the important Formula for Analogy and Classification and Recognition.

## Important points of Formula for Analogy and Classification Recognition

Generally, we come across two types of analogy questions in exams:

• Number analogy
• Alphabet/Word Analogy

Now we have sub-divided the alphabet or word analogy into five different categories to make the work simpler. Each of which is mentioned below:

• Antonyms
• Synonyms
• Descriptive words
• Things and their functions
• Product and its class

A detailed explanation of each type with one relevant example is mentioned in the tips and tricks page which is in the attached file.

### What is meant by Analogy?

An analogy is a cognitive tool used to draw comparisons between two things, concepts, or ideas that are seemingly unrelated, with the purpose of explaining or clarifying one of them. Analogy involves finding similarities or parallels between the known and the unknown, which can help in better understanding and comprehension.

Analogies often take the form of a structured comparison:

A : B :: C : D

In this format, “A” and “B” have a certain relationship, and the goal is to find a similar relationship between “C” and “D”. The “:” symbol represents “is to” or “as”, and the double colon “::” symbolizes the analogy structure.

### What is Classification Analogy?

A Classification Analogy is a type of analogy that involves categorizing or classifying items based on their relationships to each other. In this analogy, the relationship between the items in the first pair is similar to the relationship between the items in the second pair. The goal is to identify the relationship pattern and apply it to classify the items in the second pair.

The structure of a Classification Analogy can be represented as:

A : B :: C : ?

Here, “A” and “B” have a certain relationship, and the objective is to determine the relationship between “C” and the unknown item represented by “?”. The challenge is to recognize the classification or category that applies to the items in both pairs.

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### Question 1.

Find the word which is closely related to the phrase mentioned below?

Cheese: Milk:: Blanket: —-

Options:

AGold
B.  Leather
C.  Wool
D.  Plastic

Correct Option: C

Explanation

Since Cheese is a by-product of Milk, in the same way blanket is the by-product of wool.

### Questions 2

Apple, Grape, Orange

A. Vegetables
B. Fruits
C. Stems
D. Oats

Correct Option: B

Explanation

Apple, Grape and Orange all these are fruits.

### Question 3

Engineer is to design as artist is to:

Options:

A. Sketch
B. Paint
C. Sculpt
D. None of the above

Correct Option : Sketch

Explanation:

An engineer designs a product or structure, similarly, an artist sketches out their ideas before creating their art.

### Question 4

Cartographer is to map as historian is to:

Options

A. Event
B. Era
C. Time
D. None of the above

Correct Option : Event

Explanation:

A cartographer creates a map, similarly, a historian studies a specific historical event.

### Question 5

Bureaucracy is to red tape as corruption is to:

Options:

A. Dishonesty
B. Bribery
C. Nepotism
D. Embezzlement

Correct Option: Bribery

Explanation:

Bureaucracy means rules that must be followed and papers that must be filled in similarly corruption means something wrong doing which relates to bribery.