Syllogism Questions and Answers

Syllogism Questions​

Syllogism can be discussed as a kind of reasoning where an assumption is taken from two outlined or assumed offers. It is more of a logical reasoning instead of inductive reasoning.It is identified that most of the crucial sections of the exam includes syllogism in reasoning. You will come across 3 to 5 problems based on syllogism pattern within the reasoning part in most of the competitive examinations. Syllogism Questions and Answers are given here on this page.

Syllogism Questions
  • Syllogism is comprised of three components, those are – minor premise, major premise and conclusion.
  • The kind of syllogism which usually comprises these three elements is categorical syllogism. Although, two additional key types of syllogism are further present.

Rules for solving Syllogism Questions

One can face a lot of issues concerning the kind of sentence that may lead to the kind of conclusion. However, if you are thoroughly well aware of the rules mentioned below along with their correct use, then you are expected to commit no blunders while solving the questions. Check out the below rules:

–> Universal Positive Statement

To begin with universal signifies something that is appropriate to all as well as optimistic ways, such as the ‘yes’ kind of format. A universal positive statement specifies a little positivity relevant to all the things in that group. The positive category is signified by the alphabet ‘A’. These statements begin with All, Each and Every.

–> Universal Negative Statement

In this situation, the mere dissimilarity from the last type is that, in this situation, the sentence carries a negative meaning. It implies that it refers to that kind of sentence, which is common and giving a pessimistic expression. Such kinds of sentences start with No, Not a single, None of the, and more. These sentences are denoted by the letter ‘E’.

–> Particular Positive Statement

In this situation, the given sentence offers a positive expression, however, it includes only a few things and not all. These kinds of sentences often starts with some, a few, any, and are symbolized by the letter ‘I’.

–> Particular Negative Statement

Here, the statement again covers only some items, but it gives a negative impression. These kinds of sentences are symbolizes by the letter ‘O’.

  • When there are two specific sentences, no universal assumption is imaginable.
  • When there are two positive sentences, no negative assumption is imaginable.
  • When there are two negative sentences, no positive assumption is imaginable.
  • When there are two specific sentences, no assumption can take place, apart from when an ‘I’ kind of sentence is provided as well as by retreating it an ‘I’ kind of assumption can be done.

Important formulas to remember:

  • Some + All= Some
  • Some + Some= No Conclusion
  • Some + No= Some Not
  • No + No= No Conclusion
  • No +All = Some Not Reversed
  • No + Some = Some Not ( Reversed )
  • Some Not/ Some Not Reversed + Anything= No Conclusion
  • No + All = Some not Reversed
  • All + Some = No Conclusion
  • All + All= All
  • All + No= No

Sample Analogy and Classification Questions​

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Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Statements:

Some dogs are bats.

Some bats are cats.

Conclusions:

Some dogs are cats.

Some cats are dogs.

Neither I nor II follows

Neither I nor II follows

Only I follows

Only I follows

Only II follows

Only II follows

Both I and II follows

Both I and II follows

None of these

None of these

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00

Statements: 

All buildings are chalks.

No chalk is toffee.

Conclusions:


No building is toffee
All chalks are buildings.











if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if only conclusion I is true.

if only conclusion I is true.

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if both conclusions I and II are true.

if both conclusions I and II are true.

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00



Statements: 

All the harmoniums are instruments.

All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:



All the flutes are instruments.


All the harmoniums are flutes.










if only conclusion I is true.

if only conclusion I is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if both conclusions I and II are true.

if both conclusions I and II are true.

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Statements:

Most CPUs are keyboards.

No keyboard is a Mouse.

All Mouses are CPU.

Conclusion:







  1. Some keyboards are CPU

  2. All CPU’s are Mouse

  3. No mouse is a keyboard

  4. Some Mouse are keyboard










if only conclusion I is true.

if only conclusion I is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if only conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion III is true

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion III is true

Only I and III are true.

Only I and III are true.

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Statements:

All liquids are solids.

Some solids are gases.

All gases are clouds

Conclusion:

  1. Some clouds are solids

  2. Some clouds are liquids

  3. Some gases are liquids

  4. Some solids are clouds

if only conclusion III is true.

if only conclusion III is true.

Only I and IV follows

Only I and IV follows

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true

if both conclusions I and II are true.

if both conclusions I and II are true.

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
Statements:

Some messages are whatsapp.

All Hikes are whatsapp.

All whatsapp are facebook.

Conclusion:

  1. Some facebook are messages

  2. All hikes are facebook

  3. Some messages are hikes

  4. Some message are facebook

Only I and II follow

Only I and II follow

Only either III or IV follows

Only either III or IV follows

Only I and either III or IV follow

Only I and either III or IV follow

Only I, II and IV follows

Only I, II and IV follows

None of these

None of these

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
Statements: 

Some Cats are Rats.

All bats are tables.

All Rats are Bats.

Conclusion:

  1. Some Cats are bats

  2. All bats are rats

  3. All tables are cats

  4. All bats are cats

None follows

None follows

Only  I  follows

Only  I  follows

Only II follows

Only II follows

Only III & IV follow

Only III & IV follow

All follow

All follow

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
Statements

Some cups are pots

All pots are tubes

Conclusions

  1. Some pots are cups

  2. Some tubes are cups

Only I follow

Only I follow

Only II  follow

Only II  follow

Both I and II follows

Both I and II follows

None follow

None follow

None of these

None of these

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
Statements

Some bags are books

All books are boxes

Conclusions

  1. All Bags are boxes

  2. No Book is boxes

Only I follows

Only I follows

None follows

None follows

Only II follows

Only II follows

Only either I or II follows

Only either I or II follows

None of these

None of these

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
Statements:
Some papers are pens.
All pencils are pens.
Conclusions:
1. Some pens are pencils.
2. Some pens are papers.

Both (1) and (2) follow

Both (1) and (2) follow

Only (2) conclusion follows

Only (2) conclusion follows

Either (1) or (2) follows

Either (1) or (2) follows

Neither (1) nor (2) follows

Neither (1) nor (2) follows

Only (1) conclusion follows

Only (1) conclusion follows

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Question 11

Time: 00:00:00
Directions: Based on the statement in the question, mark the most logical pair of statement that follows.
If one gets lucky. One will win the prize.
A. Ramesh did not get the prize
B. Ramesh got the prize
C. Ramesh didn’t get lucky
D. Ramesh got lucky

c, a

c, a

a, c and b,d

a, c and b,d

b, d

b, d

d, c

d, c

None of these

None of these

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Question 12

Time: 00:00:00
Statement :
1: All clocks are watches.
2: Some clocks are alarm.

Conclusion:
I: Some alarm are watches.
II: All watches are alarm

None follows

None follows

Only (2) conclusion follows

Only (2) conclusion follows

Either (1) or (2) follows

Either (1) or (2) follows

Only Conclusion I follows

Only Conclusion I follows

Both (1) and (2) follow

Both (1) and (2) follow

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