How To Solve Divisibility Questions Quickly

How to solve Divisibility Questions Quickly

A number is divisible by 3 if the sum of the digits of the number is divisible by 3. For example :  981 is divisible by 3 since the sum of the digits is 15

How to solve Divisibility Questions Quickly

How To Solve Divisibility Questions Quickly & Definition 

  • The capacity of a dividend to be exactly divided by a given number is termed as divisibility.
  • One whole number is divisible by another if, after dividing, the remainder is zero.
  • If the whole number is divisible by another number than the second number is factor of 1st number.

Type 1: Find the largest or smallest number

Question 1. What smallest number should be added to 1056 so that the number is completely divisible by 23?

Options

A.  2

B. 0

C. 1

D. 3

Solution    On dividing 1056 by 23 we get remainder as 21

Required number = 23 – 21 = 2

1056 + 2 = 1058

1058 is completely divisible by 23 leaving reminder as 0.

Correct option:1

Question 2.   In the given numbers, if first digit of each number is replaced by second digit, second digit is replaced by third digit, and third digit is replaced by first digit. Find out the second lowest number?
456 137 564 238 625

Options

A. 238

B. 625

C. 456

D. 137

Solution      456 137 564 238 625

On replacing the position as per the instructions given in the question, the number become

564 371 645 382 256

Therefore, the second lowest number is 137

Correct option:D

Question 3. Find the largest 4 digit number which is exactly divisible by 88?

Options

A. 9955

B. 9988

C. 9944

D. 9088

Solution      Largest 4 digit number is 9999

On dividing 9999 by 88, remainder = 55

Required number = 9999 – 55 = 9944

Correct option:C

Type 2: Which of the following numbers is/or not divisible by given number.

Question 1. Which of these numbers is not divisible by 5?

Options

A. 345675

B. 234565

C. 230050

D. 345601

Solution     A number is exactly divisible by 5 if it has the digits 0 or 5 at one’s place. Therefore, only option D is not divisible.

Correct option:4

 

Question 2. Which of these numbers is not divisible by 7?

Options

A. 875

B. 4143

C. 1470

D. 5488

Solution      For 4143

Remove 3 from the number and double it = 6

Remaining number is 414, now subtract 414 from 6 = 414 – 6 = 408.

Repeat the process, We have last digit as 8, double = 16

Remaining number is 40, now subtract 40 from 16 = 40 – 16 = 24.

As 24 is not divisible by 7, hence the number 414 is not divisible by 7.

Correct option:B

 

Question 3. How many numbers between 300 and 900 are divisible by 4, 5 and 6?

Options

A. 10

B. 13

C. 14

D. 15

Solution      First find the LCM of 4, 5, and 6 = 60

Now, on dividing 900 by 60 we get quotient as 15

On dividing 300 by 60 we get quotient as 5

Therefore the required number is 15 – 5 = 10

Correct option:A

Type 3: How To Solve Divisibility Questions Quickly.
Find the remainder

Question 1. On dividing a number by 60, we get 159 as quotient and 0 as remainder. On dividing the same number by 50, what will be the remainder?

Options

A. 40

B. 10

C. 20

D. 30

Solution      Number = 159 * 60 + 0 = 9540

On dividing 9540 by 50 we get remainder as 40

Correct option:A

Question 2. What is the remainder when (2p + 2)2 is divided by 4 and ‘p’ is an integer?

Options

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. None of the above

Solution      On expanding (2p + 2)² = 4p² + 8p + 4

Now, take 4 common, then we get 4(p² + 2p + 1)

Let the value of p be 1

4 (12 + 2*1 + 1) = 16

Hence, 16 is divisible by 4 and the remainder will be 0

Correct option:4

Question 3. Find the remainder when 4875 is divided by 17.

Options

A. 19

B. 12

C. 21

D. 13

Solution       Rem \frac{4 ^ {875}}{ 17}

Rem\frac{4 * 4 ^ {874}}{ 17}

Rem \frac{4 * 16 ^ {437}}{ 17}

as when 4 * (17-1)437 is divided by 17, it will give remainder of 4 * (-1)

Rem [4*\frac{(-1)}{ 17}]

Rem \frac{-4}{ 17}

= 13

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