Formulas For Circular Permutations

Formulas for Circular Permutation

When we calculate the number  of way of arranging the items in closed loop or in a circular manner , known as Circular Permutation.

Formulas for Circular Permutation

Formulas & Definition for Circular Permutations:

  • The arrangements we have considered so far are linear. There are also arrangements in closed loops, called circular arrangements. There are two cases of circular-permutations:
  • If clockwise and anti-clock-wise orders are different, then total number of circular-permutations is given by (n-1)!
  • If clock-wise and anti-clock-wise orders are taken as not different, then total number of circular-permutations is given by \frac{(n-1)!}{2!}
  • The number of ways to arrange distinct objects along a fixed (i.e., cannot be picked up out of the plane and turned over) circle

Formula

  • Number of circular-permutations of ‘n’ different things taken ‘r’ at a time:-
  • If clock-wise and anti-clockwise orders are taken as different, then total number of circular-permutations = \frac{^nP_r}{r}
  • If clock-wise and anti-clockwise orders are taken as not different, then total number of circular – permutation = \frac{^nP_r}{2r}