Tips And Tricks And Shortcut For Arithmetic Progressions

Tips, Tricks and Shortcuts Of Arithmetic Progression

Arithmetic progression can applied in real life by analyzing a certain pattern that we see in our daily life. If the initial term of an arithmetic progression is a1 and the common difference of successive members is d, then the n-th term of the sequence is given by an = a1 + (n – 1)d, n = 1, 2, ..

Tips, Tricks and Shortcuts on Arithmetic Progression To Solve Arithmetic Progression in Aptitude 

  • An Arithmetic Progression or Arithmetic Sequence is a sequence of numbers or terms  in a way that the difference between the consecutive terms is constant. Here, are quick ans easy tips and tricks for you on Arithmetic Progression questions quickly, easily, and efficiently in competitive exams.
  • There are 4 types of questions asked in exams.

Type 1: Find nth term of series

Question  : Find 10th term in the series 1, 3, 5, 7, …

Options:

      1. 20
      2. 19
      3. 15
      4. 21

Solution:    We know that,

tn = a + (n – 1)d
where tn = nth term,

a= the first term ,

d= common difference,

n = number of terms in the sequence

In the given series,

a (first term) = 1

d (common difference) = 2 (3 – 1, 5 – 3)

Therefore, 10th term = t10 = a + (n-1) d

t10 = 1 + (10 – 1) 2

t10 = 1 + 18

t10 = 19

Correct option: B

 

Type 2: Find number of terms in the series

Question  :  Find the number of terms in the series 7, 11, 15, . . .71

Options:

      1. 18
      2. 19
      3. 13
      4. 17

Solution:    We know that, n=  [ (l-a) / d ]+ 1

where n = number of terms,

a= the first term,

l = last term,

d= common difference

In the given series,

a (first term) = 7

l (last term) = 71

d (common difference) = 11 – 7 = 4

n=  [(71-7)/4]+ 1

n =  [64/4]+ 1

n = 16 + 1

n = 17

Correct option: D

Type 3: Find sum of first ‘n’ terms of the series

Question 1. Find the sum of the series 1, 3, 5, 7…. 201.

Options:

      1. 18
      2. 19
      3. 13
      4. 17

Solution:    We know that,

Sn = n/2[2a + (n − 1) d] 

OR

n/2 (a+l)
where,

a = the first term,

d= common difference,

l = tn = nth term = a + (n-1)d

In the given series,

a = 1, d = 2, and l = 201

Since we know that, l = a + (n – 1) d

201 = 1 + (n – 1) 2

201 = 1 + 2n -2

202 = 2n

n = 101

Sn =   n/2(a+l)

Sn =   101/2 (1+201)

Sn = 50.5 (1 + 201)

Sn = 50.5 * 202

Sn = 10201

Correct option: D

Type 4: Find the arithmetic mean of the series.

Question 1.Find the arithmetic mean of first five prime numbers.

Options:

      1. 4.5
      2. 6.5
      3. 5.6
      4. 6.4

Solution:    We know that

b =  1/2 (a + c)

Here, five prime numbers are 2, 3, 5, 7 and 11

Therefore, their arithmetic mean (AM) = (2+3+5+7+11)/5 = 5.6

Correct option: C

 

Read Also – Formulas To solve Arithmetic Progression

 

Please Login/Signup to comment