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How To Solve Tenses And Articles Problems Quickly

How to Solve Tense and Articles:-

How to Solve Tense and Articles:-

Articles:

An article is a word that is used before a noun to show whether the noun refers to something specific or not. A, an, and the are articles.

  • Use of A 

If the noun is singular beginning with a consonant sound and countable we use indefinite article i.e. ‘a’.

Example: I have a chair. Here, chair is a singular noun and the word chair starts with a consonant. Therefore, we use ‘a’ as an article.

  • Use of An

If the noun is singular beginning with vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and countable we use indefinite article i.e. ‘an’.

Example: We are looking for an apartment. Here, apartment is a singular noun and the word apartment starts with a vowel. Therefore, we use ‘an’ as an article.

  • Use of The

If the nouns is singular or plural and indicates a specific thing, we use the definite article i.e. ‘the’.

Example: The dog bit my brother and ran away. Here, we are talking about a specific dog.

Rules of using A, An, and The

Rule 1:

When specific identity is not known use the indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an’ only with a singular count noun. We can use ‘a’ and ‘an’

  • To highlight any non-specified member of a group or category. Example, I think an animal is in the room.
  • To indicate one in number. Example, I own a cat.
  • To indicate an unspecified, limited amount. Example, An apple a day, keeps the doctor away.
  • Note: We use ‘a’ before words that start with consonants and ‘an’ before words that begin with vowels. Example, The first letter of the word honest is a consonant, but it’s unpronounced. In spite of its spelling, the word honest begins with a vowel sound. Therefore, we use an as an article before the word honest. Sports and academic subjects do not require articles.

Rule 2:

When specific identity is known use the definite article ‘the’ with singular or plural, count or non-count noun. We can use ‘the’

  • When a particular noun has already been mentioned previously. Example, I ate an apple yesterday. The apple was red in color.
  • An adjective, phrase, or clause describing the noun clarifies or restricts its identity. Example, Thank you for the present that you gave me yesterday.
  • When the noun refers to something or someone that is unique. Example, The Taj mahal was built by Shah Jahan.

Rule 3:

Use no article with plural count nouns or any non-count nouns used to mean all or in general.

There are also some common noun which do not take any article such as name of languages, sports, academic subjects. Example,

  • I don’t like tea.
  • Cricket is my favorite sport.
  • Mr. Smith teaches us biology.
  • Paint is hard to remove.
  • I wanted to learn French.
  • She was asking for advice.
  • Women generally live longer than men.

Type 1: Indefinite Article

Question 1:

There is ——— white chemistry book on the writing desk.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option A

Explanation:

Article “a” is used with words starting with consonant sounds.

Question 2:

My friend likes to be ________________engineer.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option B

Explanation:

Article an is used with words starting with vowel sounds

Question 3:

Manjari can do the work if she has __ patience.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option D

Explanation:

Here the sentence is general in nature which does not require either a or an hence no article is used.

Type 2: Definite Article

Question 1:

_____________ Dal Bati you cooked tasted good.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option A

Explanation:

If Adjective are used before the name of the meal then the will be used. Here dal bati is an adjective.

 Question 2:

Shilpa works for a group to help ___________ disabled.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option C

Explanation:

The” is used before a noun. It is also used with the non-profitable organizations.

Question 3:

When we stayed at my Grannie’s house, we went to the lake every sunday.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option C

Explanation:

The” is used before a noun. Because there is only one in that context as “lake near to grannie’s house, the will be used.

Tenses:

Tenses denote the time of action. They show when the work is done.

There are three types of tenses majorly as,

  • Past Tense
  • Present Tense
  • Future Tense

We have discussed them one by one using  below.

Past Tense

The past tense in English grammar talks about the past. It is further divided into four types.

  • Simple Past (Used to indicate an action completed in the past.) : Subject + Second form of verb (V2)
  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + V2 + Object
    For Example- She wrote an article.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + didn’t + V1 + Object
    For Example: She didn’t write an article.
  3. Interrogative Sentences : Did + Subject + V1 + Object
    For Example: Did she write an article?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Did + Subject + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: Did she not write an article?
  • Past Continuous Tense (Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past.) : Subject + was/were + verb + ing
  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + was/were + V1+ ing + Object
    For Example: I was watching a movie.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + was/were + not + ing + Object
    For Example: I was not watching a movie
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Was/were + Subject + ing+ Object
    For Example: Was she watching a movie?
  4. Interrogative Sentences: Was/were + Subject + not + ing+ Object
    For Example: Was she not watching a movie?
  • Past Perfect Tense (Used to describe an action completed before a certain moment in the past, usually a long time ago. If two actions happened in the past, past perfect is used to show the action that took place earlier.): Subject + had + V3
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + had + V3 + Object
    For Example: He had gone to Paris when I called him.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + had + not + Object
    For Example: He had not gone to Paris when I called him.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Had + Subject + V3 + Object
    For Example:Had he gone to Paris when you called him?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Had + Subject + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: Had he not gone to Paris when you called him?

Present Tense

  • Simple Present (Used to denote work done on daily basis.) : Subject + Verb first form (V1) + s/es
  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + V1 + s/es + Object<simple/td>
    For Example: She cooks every day.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + does not + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: She does not cooks every day.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Do/Does + Subject + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: Does she cooks every day?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Do/Does + Subject + not + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: Does she not cook every day?
  • Present Continuous Tense (Used to express an action taking place at the time of speaking.): Subject + V1 + ing
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + is/am/are + 1 + ing + Object
    For Example: I am writing a letter
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + is/am/are + not + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: I am not writing a letter
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Is/am/are + Subject + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: Is she writing a letter
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Is/am/are + Subject + not + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: Is she not writing a letter?
  • Present Perfect Tense (Used to show an action that started in the past and has just finished.): Subject + has/have + past participle (V3)
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + has/have + V3 + Object
    For Example: She has seen the film before.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + has/have + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: She has not seen the film before.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Has/have + Subject + V3 + Object
    For Example: Has she seen the film before?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Has/have + Subject + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: Has she not seen the film before?

Future Tense:

  • Simple Future (Tell us about an action which has not occurred yet or will occur in future.) : Subject + will/shall + V1
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
    For Example: She will go to picnic tomorrow.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: She will not go to picnic tomorrow.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + V1 + Object
    For Example: Will she go to picnic tomorrow?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: Will she not go to picnic tomorrow?
  • Future Continuous Tense (Used to express an ongoing or continued action in future.) : Will/Shall + Be + V1 + ing
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + be + V1+ ing + Object
    For Example: She will be performing at an event on Monday.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall + not + be + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: She will not be performing at an event on Monday.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + be + V1 ing+ Object
    For Example: Will she be performing at an event on Monday?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not +be + V1 + ing+ Object
    For Example: Will she not be performing at an event on Monday?
  • Future Perfect Tense (Used to express an action which will happen/occur in future and will be completed by a certain time in future.): Will/Shall + Have + V3
  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: He will have completed his project report by Sunday.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall+ not + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: He will not have completed his project report by Sunday.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/Shall + Subject + Have + V3 + Object
    For Example: Will he have completed his project report by Sunday?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: Will he not have completed his project report by Sunday?

Question 1.

Find the correct sentences.

  • Last year, I gone to Paris.
  • Last year, I went to Paris.
  • Last year, I go to Paris.
  • Last year, I will go to Paris.

Answer: option B

Explanation: 

The action took place in past and the correct form of the verb is went.

Question 2.

Find the correct sentences.

  1. I am wearing a pair of old jeans.
  2. I wore a pairing of old jeans.
  3. I am woring a jeans.
  4. I wear an old jeans.

Answer: option  A 

Explanation:

The sentence talks about the present movement.

Question 3.

Fill the correct from of verb in the blanks.

  1. They __________ in Chicago for 20 years. (be)
  2. I promise that I __________ this secret to anyone. (not tell)
  3. When I left the house this morning, it __________. (already rain)
  4. They __________ any Christmas cards last year. (not send)
  5. Unfortunately, our team __________ any games last year. (not win)

Solutions: 

  1. They have been in Chicago for 20 years.
  2. I promise that I will not tell this secret to anyone.
  3. When I left the house this morning, it was already raining.
  4. They didn’t send any Christmas cards last year.
  5. Unfortunately, our team didn’t win any games last year.

 Type 1: Present Tenses

Question 1.

Ben Jonson has written dramas pleasing to all people of all ages.

A. simple present
B. present continuous
C. past perfect
D. present perfect

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use the present perfect tense for something that started in the past and continues in the present time.

Question 2:

Choose a present perfect tense sentence from the below options?

A. Have you ever watched a film in Gujarati?
B. What are you doing here?
C. Did you dance yesterday?
D. Was Jacky reading the novel last night?

Answer: option A

Explanation:

We use the present perfect tense for something that started in the past but its existence is in the present time.

Question 3:

Mrs. Mehta has been working with this company for three years.

A. simple present
B. present continuous
C. past perfect
D. present perfect

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use present perfect continues tense when the activity or action has started sometime before and is still going on. Hence option D is correct.

Type 2: Past Tenses

Question 1

Jaclyn had been working at the company for five years when he got the promotion.

A.Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Present perfect

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The past perfect continuous tense is constructed using had been + the verb’s present participle (root + -ing).

 Question 2:

When we got to the office yesterday morning, Sushma was making a presentation.

A. Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Past Continues tense

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use Past continues tense when the activity was going on till a definite time in the past time.

Question 3:

Romil was going to pack a Pizza for lunch but he decided to make a lemon soda and biryani instead.

A. Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Past Continues tense

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We also use Past continues tense when we want to express a change of thought that happened in the past.

Type 3: Future Tenses

Question 1:

Nikhil will not have saved enough money yet.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future continuous
D. present perfect

Answer: option A

Explanation:

Future perfect tense is used to show activity that will happen in the future before another activity in the future.

Question 2:

By our 50th marriage anniversary, this store will have been growing for 20 years.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future perfect continuous
D. Future Continues

Answer: option C

Explanation:

As per rules future perfect continues is used to show continues activity in the future before sometime in the future.

Question 3:

The fun park will be increasing entry ticket later this year.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future perfect continuous
D. Future Continues

Answer: option D

Explanation:

As per rules future continues tense is used to show an activity at a particular time in the future. But, the activity will not have completed at that period.