How To Solve Tenses And Articles Problems Quickly

How to Solve Tense and Articles:-

The Rules for How to Solve Tenses and Articles are fairly easy once you know how to use them in the questions. Below we have mentioned some rules in brief that can be used to solve question which needs you to answer in terms of Tenses or Articles.

If you want to learn about how to solve Tenses and Articles in details read the page thoroughly

how to solve tenses and articles

How to Solve Articles

Before understanding how to solve articles, you need to know the rules for Articles.

An article is a word that is used before a noun to show whether the noun refers to something specific or not. A, an, and the are articles.

  • Use of A 

If the noun is singular beginning with a consonant sound and countable we use indefinite article i.e. ‘a’.

Example: I have a chair. Here, chair is a singular noun and the word chair starts with a consonant. Therefore, we use ‘a’ as an article.

  • Use of An

If the noun is singular beginning with vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and countable we use indefinite article i.e. ‘an’.

Example: We are looking for an apartment. Here, apartment is a singular noun and the word apartment starts with a vowel. Therefore, we use ‘an’ as an article.

  • Use of The

If the nouns is singular or plural and indicates a specific thing, we use the definite article i.e. ‘the’.

Example: The dog bit my brother and ran away. Here, we are talking about a specific dog.

How to Solve Articles – A, An, The

Rule 1:

When specific identity is not known use the indefinite article ‘a’ or ‘an’ only with a singular count noun. We can use ‘a’ and ‘an’

  • To highlight any non-specified member of a group or category.
    • Example, I think an animal is in the room.
  • To indicate one in number.
    • Example, I own a cat.
  • To indicate an unspecified, limited amount.
    • Example, An apple a day, keeps the doctor away.
  • We use ‘a’ before words that start with consonants and ‘an’ before words that begin with vowels.
    • Example, The first letter of the word honest is a consonant, but it’s unpronounced. In spite of its spelling, the word honest begins with a vowel sound. Therefore, we use an as an article before the word honest.

Rule 2:

When specific identity is known use the definite article ‘the’ with singular or plural, count or non-count noun. We can use ‘the’

  • When a particular noun has already been mentioned previously.
    • Example, I ate an apple yesterday. The apple was red in color.
  • An adjective, phrase, or clause describing the noun clarifies or restricts its identity.
    • Example, Thank you for the present that you gave me yesterday.
  • When the noun refers to something or someone that is unique.
    • Example, The Taj mahal was built by Shah Jahan.

Rule 3:

Use no article with plural count nouns or any non-count nouns used to mean all or in general.

There are also some common noun which do not take any article such as name of languages, sports, academic subjects.

Example,

  • I don’t like tea.
  • Cricket is my favorite sport.
  • Mr. Smith teaches us biology.
  • Paint is hard to remove.
  • I wanted to learn French.
  • She was asking for advice.
  • Women generally live longer than men.

Practice Questions - How to Solve Articles

Type 1: Indefinite Article

Question 1:

There is ——— white chemistry book on the writing desk.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option A

Explanation:

Article “a” is used with words starting with consonant sounds.

Question 2:

My friend likes to be ________________engineer.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option B

Explanation:

Article an is used with words starting with vowel sounds

Question 3:

Manjari can do the work if she has __ patience.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option D

Explanation:

Here the sentence is general in nature which does not require either a or an hence no article is used.

 

Type 2: Definite Article

Question 1:

_____________ Dal Bati you cooked tasted good.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: The

Explanation:

Here the speaker is talking about the dish that was cooked yesterday that means a particular dish, hence we use ‘THE’.

 Question 2:

Shilpa works for a group to help ___________ disabled.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: The

Explanation:

“The” is used before a noun. It is also used with the non-profitable organizations.

Question 3:

When we stayed at my Grannie’s house, we went to _____ lake every Sunday.

A. a
B. an
C. the
D. no article

Answer: option C

Explanation:

“The” is used before a noun. Because there is only one lake near to grannie’s house, “the” will be used.

How to Solve Tenses:

Tenses denote the time of action. They show when the work was done, being done or will be done.

There are three types of tenses majorly as,

  • Past Tense
  • Present Tense
  • Future Tense

We have discussed them one by one using  below and explain how to use them to solve Tenses questions

Past Tense

The past tense in English grammar talks about the past. It is further divided into four types.

Simple Past

Used to indicate an action completed in the past.

Rule – Subject + Second form of verb (V2)

  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + V2 + Object
    For Example- She wrote an article.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + didn’t + V1 + Object
    For Example: She didn’t write an article.
  3. Interrogative Sentences : Did + Subject + V1 + Object
    For Example: Did she write an article?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Did + Subject + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: Did she not write an article?

Past Continuous Tense

Used to denote an action going on at some time in the past.

Rule – Subject + was/were + verb + ing

  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + was/were + V1+ ing + Object
    For Example: I was watching a movie.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + was/were + not + ing + Object
    For Example: I was not watching a movie
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Was/were + Subject + ing+ Object
    For Example: Was she watching a movie?
  4. Interrogative Sentences: Was/were + Subject + not + ing+ Object
    For Example: Was she not watching a movie?

Past Perfect Tense

Used to describe an action completed before a certain moment in the past, usually a long time ago. If two actions happened in the past, past perfect is used to show the action that took place earlier.

Rule – Subject + had + V3

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + had + V3 + Object
    For Example: He had gone to Paris when I called him.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + had + not + Object
    For Example: He had not gone to Paris when I called him.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Had + Subject + V3 + Object
    For Example:Had he gone to Paris when you called him?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Had + Subject + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: Had he not gone to Paris when you called him?

Present Tense

Simple Present

Used to denote work done on daily basis

Rule : Subject + Verb first form (V1) + s/es

  1. Assertive Sentence: Subject + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: She cooks every day.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + does not + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: She does not cooks every day.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Do/Does + Subject + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: Does she cooks every day?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Do/Does + Subject + not + V1 + s/es + Object
    For Example: Does she not cook every day?

Present Continuous Tense

Used to express an action taking place at the time of speaking.

Rule: Subject + V1 + ing

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + is/am/are + 1 + ing + Object
    For Example: I am writing a letter
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + is/am/are + not + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: I am not writing a letter
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Is/am/are + Subject + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: Is she writing a letter
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Is/am/are + Subject + not + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: Is she not writing a letter?

Present Perfect Tense

Used to show an action that started in the past and has just finished.

Rule – Subject + has/have + past participle (V3)

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + has/have + V3 + Object
    For Example: She has seen the film before.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + has/have + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: She has not seen the film before.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Has/have + Subject + V3 + Object
    For Example: Has she seen the film before?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Has/have + Subject + not + V3 + Object
    For Example: Has she not seen the film before?

Future Tense:

Simple Future

Tell us about an action which has not occurred yet or will occur in future.

Rule – Subject + will/shall + V1

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
    For Example: She will go to picnic tomorrow.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: She will not go to picnic tomorrow.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + V1 + Object
    For Example: Will she go to picnic tomorrow?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not + V1 + Object
    For Example: Will she not go to picnic tomorrow?

Future Continuous Tense

Used to express an ongoing or continued action in future.

Rule – Will/Shall + Be + V1 + ing

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + be + V1+ ing + Object
    For Example: She will be performing at an event on Monday.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall + not + be + V1 + ing + Object
    For Example: She will not be performing at an event on Monday.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + be + V1 ing+ Object
    For Example: Will she be performing at an event on Monday?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not +be + V1 + ing+ Object
    For Example: Will she not be performing at an event on Monday?

Future Perfect Tense

Used to express an action which will happen/occur in future and will be completed by a certain time in future.

Rule – Will/Shall + Have + V3

  1. Assertive Sentences: Subject + will/shall + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: He will have completed his project report by Sunday.
  2. Negative Sentences: Subject + will/shall+ not + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: He will not have completed his project report by Sunday.
  3. Interrogative Sentences: Will/Shall + Subject + Have + V3 + Object
    For Example: Will he have completed his project report by Sunday?
  4. Interrogative Negative Sentences: Will/shall + Subject + not + have + V3 + Object
    For Example: Will he not have completed his project report by Sunday?

Practice Questions - Tenses

Question 1.

Find the correct sentences.

  • Last year, I gone to Paris.
  • Last year, I went to Paris.
  • Last year, I go to Paris.
  • Last year, I will go to Paris.

Answer: option B

Explanation:

The action took place in past and the correct form of the verb is went.

Question 2.

Find the correct sentences.

  1. I am wearing a pair of old jeans.
  2. I wore a pairing of old jeans.
  3. I am woring a jeans.
  4. I wear an old jeans.

Answer: option  A

Explanation:

The sentence talks about the present movement.

Question 3.

Fill the correct from of verb in the blanks.

  1. They __________ in Chicago for 20 years. (be)
  2. I promise that I __________ this secret to anyone. (not tell)
  3. When I left the house this morning, it __________. (already rain)
  4. They __________ any Christmas cards last year. (not send)
  5. Unfortunately, our team __________ any games last year. (not win)

Solutions:

  1. They have been in Chicago for 20 years.
  2. I promise that I will not tell this secret to anyone.
  3. When I left the house this morning, it was already raining.
  4. They didn’t send any Christmas cards last year.
  5. Unfortunately, our team didn’t win any games last year.

 

Type 1: Present Tenses

Question 1.

Ben Jonson has written dramas pleasing to all people of all ages.

A. simple present
B. present continuous
C. past perfect
D. present perfect

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use the present perfect tense for something that started in the past and continues in the present time.

Question 2:

Choose a present perfect tense sentence from the below options?

A. Have you ever watched a film in Gujarati?
B. What are you doing here?
C. Did you dance yesterday?
D. Was Jacky reading the novel last night?

Answer: option A

Explanation:

We use the present perfect tense for something that started in the past but its existence is in the present time.

Question 3:

Mrs. Mehta has been working with this company for three years.

A. simple present
B. present continuous
C. past perfect
D. present perfect

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use present perfect continues tense when the activity or action has started sometime before and is still going on. Hence option D is correct.

 

Type 2: Past Tenses

Question 1

Jaclyn had been working at the company for five years when he got the promotion.

A.Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Present perfect

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The past perfect continuous tense is constructed using had been + the verb’s present participle (root + -ing).

 Question 2:

When we got to the office yesterday morning, Sushma was making a presentation.

A. Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Past Continues tense

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We use Past continues tense when the activity was going on till a definite time in the past time.

Question 3:

Romil was going to pack a Pizza for lunch but he decided to make a lemon soda and biryani instead.

A. Present perfect continues
B. Past perfect continues
C. Past perfect
D. Past Continues tense

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

We also use Past continues tense when we want to express a change of thought that happened in the past.

 

Type 3: Future Tenses

Question 1:

Nikhil will not have saved enough money yet.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future continuous
D. present perfect

Answer: option A

Explanation:

Future perfect tense is used to show activity that will happen in the future before another activity in the future.

Question 2:

By our 50th marriage anniversary, this store will have been growing for 20 years.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future perfect continuous
D. Future Continues

Answer: option C

Explanation:

As per rules future perfect continues is used to show continues activity in the future before sometime in the future.

Question 3:

The fun park will be increasing entry ticket later this year.

A. Future perfect
B. simple future
C. future perfect continuous
D. Future Continues

Answer: option D

Explanation:

As per rules future continues tense is used to show an activity at a particular time in the future. But, the activity will not have completed at that period.

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