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Rules For Sentence Improvement And Construction

Sentence improvement and construction tests are intended to check your knowledge of English grammar. Under this a variety of English verbs, modals, tenses, conjunctions, prepositions, articles and suppositories questions will be asked.  

How to attempt 'Sentence Improvement and Construction' Questions?

What you will find:

  • A sentence with a phrase or word or a clause which will be in bold or underlined.
  • Four to five options will be presented following the question.

What you need to do:

  • Replace the underlined or bold word with an option so that the sentence becomes free of any grammatical mistakes.
sentence improvement and construction rules

Score Points:

  • The sentence improvement and construction techniques mainly check correctness and effectiveness of sentences.
  • While choosing the answers you should have enough knowledge of standard written English.
  • You have to select that answer which is clear, without any ambiguity or redundancy. 

Skill Requirement:

Student’s proficiency in English grammar, selection of words, construction style

Various TYPES of question formats:

Type 1. Subject-Verb Agreement:

Under this, if the subject in the sentence is in the singular form then the verb will also be in the singular form and if the subject is in the plural form then the verb will also be in a plural form.

For example –

  • The boy is playing in the playing ground – here, “boy” is singular, hence it takes a singular verb “is”.
  • The parents know how to handle their naughty kids – here, “parents” is plural hence takes a plural verb “know”

Type 2. Changer/Modifier:

These are the words or phrases which change the given words in the question.

Type 3. Parallel Elements:

It says that some ideas should be presented in the same grammatical form.

Type 4. Redundancy:

As per the rules of redundancy, any idea should not be repeated again and again. Repeated words should be avoided to make sentences clear.

Type 5. Pronoun Reference Error:

In pronoun reference use of the pronoun is made at the noun’s place.

Type 6. Wording:

Wrong use of words may make the whole sentence wrong. Hence selection of the right word at the right place is very important.

For better understanding, few diction examples are given below. Try to practice these and other diction words available on the internet to clear all the doubts related to this topic.

rules for sentence improvement and construction

 

Sample Questions

Question 1:

Which of the phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold type to make the grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is, mark ‘E’ as the answer.

You need not come unless you want to.

a. You don’t need to come unless you want to.

b. You come only when you want to.

c. You come unless you don’t want to.

d. You needn’t come until you don’t want to

e. No correction required

Answer: A (You don’t need to come unless you want to.)

Question 2:

Which of the phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase printed in bold type to make the grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is, mark ‘E’ as the answer.

He is too important for tolerating any delay.

a. to tolerate

b. to tolerating

c. at tolerating

d. with tolerating

e. No correction required

Answer: A (to tolerate)