Rules For Reading Comprehension

Reading Comprehension Rules and Concepts:

Reading comprehension is the level of understanding of a text/message. The understanding of the Rules for Reading Comprehension comes from the interaction between the words that are written, and how they trigger knowledge outside the text/message.

Rules For Reading Comprehensions

Rules for Reading Comprehension

Here are five essential skills needed for reading comprehension, and tips on what can help kids improve this skill.

 Decoding the Reading Comprehension

Decoding is a vital step in the reading process. Decoding relies on an early language skill called Phonemic awareness. (This skill is part of an even broader skill called phonological awareness.)

Decoding also relies on connecting individual sounds to letters.


Fluency in Reading Comprehension

Fluency speeds up the rate at which they can read and understand the text.

Sounding out or decoding every word can take a lot of effort. Word recognition is the ability to recognize whole words instantly by sight, without sounding them out.

When kids can read quickly and without making too many errors, they are “fluent” readers.

Fluent readers read smoothly at a good pace. Reading fluency is essential for good reading comprehension.



To understand what you’re reading, you need to understand most of the words in the text. Having a strong vocabulary is a key component of reading comprehension.  Students typically learn the meaning of words through everyday experience and also by reading. 


 Sentence Construction and Cohesion

Most readers relate what they’ve read to what they know. So kids need to have the background or prior knowledge about the world when they read. They also need to be able to “read between the lines” and pull out meaning even when it’s not literally spelled out.

Example: A child is reading a story about a poor family in the 1930s. Knowing the Great Depression can provide insight into what’s happening in the story.


Reasoning and Conclusion

The capacity or the efficiency to reason a given passage and then draw conclusion from the stated facts is highly instrumental in solving a reading comprehension question. This is mostly required in an inferential based passage. Being able to understand the underlying meaning and idea.


Working Memory and Attention

When kids read, attention allows them to take in information from the text. Working memory allows them to hold on to that information and use it to gain meaning and build knowledge from what they’re reading.


Passage: 1

Read the comprehension below and answer the following questions.

Climate change is a pressing global issue that has far-reaching implications for our planet and future generations. It refers to long-term shifts in temperature patterns and weather conditions, largely resulting from human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation. The consequences of climate change are evident across the globe, affecting various aspects of the environment, economy, and society.

One of the most noticeable effects of climate change is the rise in global temperatures. As greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide, accumulate in the atmosphere, they trap heat and contribute to the warming of the Earth. This phenomenon leads to melting glaciers, rising sea levels, and extreme weather events like hurricanes and heat waves.

Another consequence of climate change is the disruption of ecosystems and loss of biodiversity. Many plant and animal species struggle to adapt to the changing conditions, resulting in habitat loss and increased risk of extinction. Coral reefs, for example, are particularly vulnerable to rising ocean temperatures, leading to widespread coral bleaching and the collapse of these vibrant ecosystems.

In addition to environmental impacts, climate change poses significant challenges for human societies. Changing weather patterns affect agricultural productivity, leading to crop failures and food insecurity. Rising sea levels threaten coastal communities, displacing populations and increasing the risk of flooding. Moreover, the health of individuals is compromised as extreme heatwaves and the spread of diseases become more prevalent.

Addressing climate change requires global cooperation and concerted efforts. Transitioning to renewable energy sources, implementing sustainable land-use practices, and adopting greener transportation options are some of the measures needed to mitigate the effects of climate change. It is crucial to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and develop strategies to adapt to the changes already occurring.

Question: 1

What is climate change primarily caused by?


  1. Natural weather patterns.
  2.  Human activities.
  3. Volcanic eruptions.
  4. Astronomical events.

Answer : Human activities

Question: 2

What is one noticeable effect of climate change?


  1. Decrease in global population.
  2.  Expansion of polar ice caps.
  3.  Increase in extreme weather events.
  4.  Preservation of biodiversity.

Answer: Increase in extreme weather events.

Question:  3

How do greenhouse gases contribute to climate change?


  1. By cooling the Earth’s atmosphere.
  2.  By causing ocean acidification.
  3.  By trapping heat in the atmosphere.
  4. By preventing the formation of clouds.

Answer: By trapping heat in the atmosphere.

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