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Tips And Tricks And Shortcuts For Sentence Improvement & Constructions

Tips And Tricks To Solve Sentence Improvement & Construction Problems

Sentence improvement and construction is very crucial and high scoring topic in the verbal ability examinations. To understand the concept properly students must have understanding of general grammar along with selection of right words while constructing the sentences.

For making this easy and understandable we have given below some tips and tricks to solve the questions easily.

tips and tricks and shortcuts on sentence improvement and construction

Tips & Tricks for Sentence Improvement and Construction

Identification of the concept

Generally while answering a question of sentence improvement, one or most probably two rules are out of place. Hence it is your first job to identify what is wrong and why.

Check carefully the time indicators (before, after, during, etc.). This will help you to spot the verb tense and help structure the answer too.

Similar or Alike Options

Sometimes to trick into wrong track, almost all the options seems alike or similar. Make sure to re read the options thrice and fit it into the sentence. However, even if all the sentences are alike, there might be a chance that none of are correct. So be cautious in such situations.

Balancing the options equally

While answering, we normally tend to go with the first answer without looking through the others because that seemed the best, but it is not. Keep an eye on all the options and then tread carefully.

Read the non-underlined part

The non – underlined part might seem useless sometimes but that is not the case always. It might have vital hints or errors that can help to choose the correct option.  So look and read thrice.

The shorter, the wiser.

Shorter options are always a go to because they are precise and right. However, longer options are only added to increase confusion, so they will not save your time in processing but also in answering.

Substitution is always effective

It is a smart idea to read the statement along with the answer option before you mark your chosen answer. In effect, if you read it a second time after the right insertion, it will be perfect. Sometimes rules fail to work and hence the answer comes out wrong. So, make sure that the expression makes sense.

Listen to the sentence if it all sounds too complicated. Say the sentence in your mind, in other words, and choose the alternative that sounds better to your ears.

 

The technique of Elimination

Elimination techniques come to the rescue when you’re stuck with multiple options, multiple errors and grammatically incorrect sentences. So to ease the situation, use this elimination technique to get a crisp answer.

  • In the first step, do not delete choices of idioms or pronoun ambiguity. This only pose a concern where the context of the word is changed.
  • The options that have words with ‘ing’ generally fall under the wrong category.
  • To complicate it more, sometimes pair words such as ‘not only…but also, no sooner…than’ are used wrongly to confuse.

And lastly, do not get stuck with one option. If it at all sound too confusing or complicated, play with the other options and find the one that suits right to your ears.

Below are the TYPES of sentence construction with added examples to clear any cobweb still covering your mind.

Types of Sentence Improvement/ Correction

Type 1. Subject-Verb Agreement:

The subject-verb agreement rule says that if the subject in the sentence is in the singular form then the verb will also be singular form only. Likewise if in the sentence the subject is in the plural form then the verb will also be in plural form only.

Question 1:

Aryash play badminton with his Racket.

A. Is playing
B. Plays
C. Are playing
D. No improvement

Answer: A
Explanation: In this case, the subject of the sentence is ‘Aryash’ and the verb used is singular in nature, ‘is playing’.

Type 2. Changer/Modifier:

As we see from the name, changers are the words or phrases which modify the given words in the question which ultimately changes the construction of sentences. Let’s understand the same with an example.

Question 2:

Delighted with their behaviour, it was decided by Anju to honour them.

A. Their behaviour was delighted, it was decided by anju to honour them.
B. Delighted with their behaviour, Anju decided to honour them.
C. Anju decided to honour them, delighted with their behaviour.
D. No improvement

Answer: B
Explanation: option B makes sentence grammatically correct.

Type 3. Parallel Elements

Sometimes in sentence there are many ideas which are same to each other. These ideas should be presented in the same grammatical form.

Question 3.

Choose the sentence which is grammatically correct among all.

A. Jatin desired to make a lot of money and to earn a good status in his society.
B. A lot of money Jatin desired to make and to earn a good status in his society.
C. To earn a good status in his society, a lot of money Jatin desired to make.
D.All are incorrect.

Answer: A
Explanation: The use of two different but showing same meaning sentences is used properly in the option A. The remaining options does not make sentence grammatically correct.

Type 4. Redundancy: 

In redundancy type, the same information is used twice or thrice with the use of different word. As per the rules of redundancy any idea should not be repeated again and again. Generally people do use redundant information which is not incorrect, but in real sense they contain unnecessary words, which can be avoided. 

Some commonly used redundant phrases:

Bald – headedDrop downFollow after
Foreign importsHurry upGeneral public
Collaborate togetherEnd resultFew in number
Continue onBlatantly obviousEach and every
Chase afterBut yetBlend together
Actual factJoin togetherBurning fire
Little babyFree giftMerge together
Browse throughFalse pretenceFirst and foremost
Adequate enoughCurrent status quoBlack darkness

 

Questions 4 :

Choose the sentence which is grammatically correct among all.

A. We shall combine the six types of chilli powder into one
B. We shall combine chilli powder into one of all six types
C. We shall combine all types of chilli powder.
D. All are correct.

Answer: C
Explanation: option C makes sentence clear and meaningful without any repetition of words.

Type 5. Pronoun Reference Error

In pronoun reference error some words are used at noun’s place. These used words are known as pronoun. See the below given sample for more understanding.

Question 5.

The actor met the senior _______ trained him.

A. Who
B. Whom
C. Which
D. Whose

Answer: A
Explanation: Word who is used at the place of noun here which makes sentence construction correctly.

Type 6. Wording

Under sentence construction problem, wording plays an important role. A wrong use of word may make the whole sentence wrong. Mistakes are mostly done with the use of words that sound similar such as: principal & principle. If you know the meaning of words you can solve the problems easily without any error.

Question 6:

It’s fine! Answered Sidorov, who was considered an ___________ at Spanish.

A. Adept
B. Adapt
C. Adopt
D. Adapted

Answer: A
Explanation: Adept meaning skilful or proficient. In the sentence the discussion is about Sidorov who is considered to be proficient in Spanish language. Hence option A is the correct word for this sentence.