Citizenship Amendment Act

What is Citizenship Amendment Act?

On this page, we have provided an essay on Citizenship Amendment Act which is a common group discussion topic.

Page Highlights:

  • Citizenship Amendment Act- Pros
  • Citizenship Amendment Act-Cons
Citizenship Amendment Act

Extempore Topic: Citizenship Amendment Act

What is Citizenship Amendment Act?

The Citizenship Amendment Bill 2019 is legislation that will amend the Citizenship Act of 1955.

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 states that “Any person belonging to the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi or Christian communities from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and Pakistan who entered India before 31st December 2014 and who has been exempted by the Government under the relevant clause of the Passport Act 1920 or the provisions of the Foreigners Act 1946 shall not be treated as illegal migrants”. 

As per Citizenship Act 1955,” A person may become an Indian Citizen if they are born in India or have parents or resided in the country for a period of time, etc”. Under the Citizenship Act 1955, one of the requirements for citizenship by naturalization is that the applicant must have resided in India for at least 11 of the previous 14 years.

Citizenship Amendment Act- Pros

  • The Citizenship Amendment Act does not ban permitted residents of India of any religion rather it aspires to contribute a praiseworthy shelter for the people who escaped religious ill-treatment in neighboring countries.
  • The Citizenship Amendment Act does not ban the possibility of granting Indian citizenship to those from the majority religion in these three countries, who meet all the conditions stipulated for conventional cases. In such cases, migrants have to live in the country for 11-14 years to acquire citizenship in India.
  • This Acts will help Government to provide job opportunities and many other facilities by maintaining a proper list of illegal migrants and the citizen of India. However, this called a massive concern in the northeastern parts of India.


Conclusion: The CAA was passed to give citizenship rights to immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan who entered India on or before 31st December 2014 after encountering persecution in their country of origin.

Citizenship Amendment Act- Cons

  • The Government of India faced huge criticism because it was assumed that this law is specifically targeting Muslim communities.
  • The Citizenship Amendment Act violates Article 14 of the Indian Constitution which states the Right to Equality.
  • North-Eastern states are against the bill because they believe it will cause damage to their culture, loss of livelihood possibilities, and huge changes in their demographic areas.


One of the biggest issues is that this act provides citizenship only to non-muslim immigrants. And if any Muslim migrants want to acquire citizenship in India they’ll have to follow the old procedure of living 11 years in India.

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