Farmer Bills 2020 – Pros and Cons

Discuss the Farmer Bills 2020

On this page, you will find group discussion points for extempore topic “Farmer Bills 2020-Pros and Cons.”

Page Highlights:

  • Pros of farm bills.
  • Cons of farm bills.
farmer bill essay

Extempore Topic: Farmer Bills 2020 - Pros and Cons

What are the Farmer Bills?

There are three farmer bills, these include

  • Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill
  • Farmers’ (Empowerment and Protection) agreement on Price Assurance and farm Service Bill
  • Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill

The aim of introducing farmer bills was to give farmers more freedom by giving them control over their products and the marketplace. Farmers can sell their products outside the Agricultural Product Marketplace Committee. This in turn also encourages farmers to engage directly with companies and retailers.

However, the farmer bills were met with harsh criticism and a year-long protest. On the 19th of November, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the repulsion of the bills ending the protest.

Pros of Farmer Bills:-

  • Farmer Bills would be producing a more flexible marketplace for the farmers.
  • The new bill did not in any way implied the removal of MSP or minimum support price.
  • The aim of the bill, one nation one market would end the APMC monopoly. This would give the farmers the right to sell their products as per their choice.
  • This bill invites private companies to invest in the agricultural sector. Which will lead to improving the infrastructure and bring modernization.

Cons of Farmer Bills:-

  • The main drawback of this bill is that it does not give any backing to MSP or Minimum Support Price.
  • Although the bill does not abolish MSP, it also does not mandates it. This is the biggest concern for the farmers.
  • Farmers fear that these bills would lead to the exploitation of the farmers by big corporates.
  • The bill was passed without any debates.
  • The bill also removes many products from the essential commodities list, which in turn will lead to hoarding.
  • APMC is helpful to small farmers. 
  • In 2006, Bihar abolished APMCs. This led to the farmers getting less than the MSP for their crops. 


Indian Farmers went on a year-long protest against these farm bills. They demanded the total abolishment of these bills. They also asked for the mandi system to be in place and not paying MSPs a punishable offense. On 19th November, PM Modi announced that the bills will be rolled back as the government could not reach an agreement with the farmers. On December 1st, the bills were formally abolished.

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