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HackerRank Reading Comprehension Quiz -1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Direction for (Q1 to Q5)

Read the passage carefully and then answer the following questions:-

The catastrophic monsoon floods in Kerala and parts of Karnataka have revived the debate on whether political expediency trumped science. Seven years ago, the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel issued recommendations for the preservation of the fragile western peninsular region. Madhav Gadgil, who chaired the Union Environment Ministry’s WGEEP, has said the recent havoc in Kerala is a consequence of short-sighted policymaking, and warned that Goa may also be in the line of nature’s fury. The State governments that are mainly responsible for the Western Ghats — Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa and Maharashtra — must go back to the drawing table with the reports of both the Gadgil Committee and the Kasturirangan Committee, which was set up to examine the WGEEP report. The task before them is to initiate correctives to environmental policy decisions. This is not going to be easy, given the need to balance human development pressures with stronger protection of the Western Ghats ecology. The issue of allowing extractive industries such as quarrying and mining to operate is arguably the most contentious. A way out could be to create the regulatory framework that was proposed by the Gadgil panel, in the form of an apex Western Ghats Ecology Authority and the State-level units, under the Environment (Protection) Act, and to adopt the zoning system that it proposed. This can keep incompatible activities out of the Ecologically Sensitive Zones (ESZs).

At issue in the Western Ghats — spread over 1,29,037 sq km according to the WGEEP estimate and 1,64,280 sq km as per the Kasturirangan panel — is the calculation of what constitutes the sensitive core and what activities can be carried out there. The entire system is globally acknowledged as a biodiversity hotspot. But population estimates for the sensitive zones vary greatly, based on interpretations of the ESZs. In Kerala, for instance, one expert assessment says 39 lakh households are in the ESZs outlined by the WGEEP, but the figure drops sharply to four lakh households for a smaller area of zones identified by the Kasturirangan panel. The goal has to be sustainable development for the Ghats as a whole. The role of big hydroelectric dams, built during an era of rising power demand and deficits, must now be considered afresh and proposals for new ones dropped. Other low-impact forms of green energy led by solar power are available. A moratorium on quarrying and mining in the identified sensitive zones, in Kerala and also other States, is necessary to assess their environmental impact. Kerala’s Finance Minister, Thomas Isaac, has acknowledged the need to review decisions affecting the environment, in the wake of the floods. Public consultation on the expert reports that includes people’s representatives will find greater resonance now, and help chart a sustainable path ahead.

Ques 1. Which among the following has been attributed by the experts as a reason for the recent floods in Kerala and Karnataka?

The states do not have a proper system in place of drainage and that is why the rainwater always overflows in these two states.

The states do not have a proper system in place of drainage and that is why the rainwater always overflows in these two states.

The states have no idea how to manage any kind of natural calamity and that is why they cannot tackle any situation however small it may be.

The states have no idea how to manage any kind of natural calamity and that is why they cannot tackle any situation however small it may be.

The states should be entrusted with the responsibility of protecting the environment in the areas within their jurisdiction.

The states should be entrusted with the responsibility of protecting the environment in the areas within their jurisdiction.

The political decision-making strategy has always taken the upper hand as compared to the real interests of the environment.

The political decision-making strategy has always taken the upper hand as compared to the real interests of the environment.

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
According to the passage, the states affected by the floods should do which among the following to prevent such incidents in the future?

 

The states should devote more funds towards the reduction of natural calamities in the states.

The states should devote more funds towards the reduction of natural calamities in the states.

The states should put in place proper warning mechanisms so that the government can get to know the possibility of any natural calamity beforehand.

The states should put in place proper warning mechanisms so that the government can get to know the possibility of any natural calamity beforehand.

The states should plan properly so that they can implement the recommendations of the expert panels regarding the preservation of the Western Ghats Area.

The states should plan properly so that they can implement the recommendations of the expert panels regarding the preservation of the Western Ghats Area.

The states should not do anything at present and should only focus on the idea of going all out in disaster management operations.

The states should not do anything at present and should only focus on the idea of going all out in disaster management operations.

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following is the main issue pointed out in the passage in the implementation of the expert panel reports in various states?

 

There is no proper framework depicted in the expert panel reports to regulate the Ecologically Sensitive Zone in the Western Ghat Area.

There is no proper framework depicted in the expert panel reports to regulate the Ecologically Sensitive Zone in the Western Ghat Area.

There is no issue pertaining to the Western Ghat area but the main problem is that the governments do not have enough funds.

There is no issue pertaining to the Western Ghat area but the main problem is that the governments do not have enough funds.

The reservoirs in the vicinity of the area will spell doom for the area since they will exhaust the groundwater available in the area.

The reservoirs in the vicinity of the area will spell doom for the area since they will exhaust the groundwater available in the area.

The area will be flooded since the policy makers are not bothered about the environment until it affects their vote base.

The area will be flooded since the policy makers are not bothered about the environment until it affects their vote base.

The balance between development and preservation should be there in order to develop the area properly.

The balance between development and preservation should be there in order to develop the area properly.

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following should be the objective of all concerned regarding the development of the Western Ghats Area?

 

The development plan should be well supported by money and also manpower by all the states.

The development plan should be well supported by money and also manpower by all the states.

The development plan must be drawn up correctly at the first place since it will help gain an upper hand in the whole process.

The development plan must be drawn up correctly at the first place since it will help gain an upper hand in the whole process.

The states should take the development of the Western Ghats region seriously so that the area is actually preserved.

The states should take the development of the Western Ghats region seriously so that the area is actually preserved.

The Western Ghats Area should be preserved properly so that there is sustainable development of the area.

The Western Ghats Area should be preserved properly so that there is sustainable development of the area.

The Western Ghats Area should not be taken for granted for development work by the states because they are not responsible for this.

The Western Ghats Area should not be taken for granted for development work by the states because they are not responsible for this.

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following should be the course of action of the government in order to ensure that the Western Ghats Area is preserved properly?

  1. There should be the utilization of various clean sources of energy such as solar power in the area

  2. There should not be any restriction in mining activities as well as quarrying activities in the area

  3. There should not be new construction of hydroelectric dams in the area from now onwards


 

Both I and II

Both I and II

Only II

Only II

Both I and III

Both I and III

Only I

Only I

All I, II and III

All I, II and III

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
Direction for Q6 to Q10:

The BIS, which sets the quality regulations for various products from gold to bottled water, on Friday called a meeting of industry bodies to “persuade them to be part of the process and give their inputs.”

“Service sector is one of the key sectors of the Indian economy with a huge potential to grow into one of the largest markets of the world. Standards can play a major facilitative role in this regard. It is important that the standardization needs and priorities of the sector are determined,” a senior official said.

During the meeting, the BIS pointed out that the initial focus will be the 12 champion services sectors identified by the government. These include IT, tourism and hospitality, transport and logistics, accounting and finance services, legal services, communication services and construction.

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) standards is set to formulate a framework for quality services that should be provided to consumers and also talk about the benchmarks to deal with consumer complaints or after sales service in an effort to ensure quality in the services sector.

At a meeting with industry bodies on Friday, it has been decided that the BIS will set up a separate ‘divisional council’ for services in a month’s time. Under this, different technical committees will be set up — one for each service. The committees will have various stakeholders such as government officials, experts and industry representatives.

The process was initiated after concerns over lack of standardization, particularly with regards to after-sales service, in their feedback to the Ministry of Consumer Affairs.

In a poll, online community network LocalCircles found that in the absence of defined customer service standards in the country, a majority of consumers were not happy with after-sales services. As per the poll, 43% feel that mobile handset and computer manufacturers are the worst in after-sales services, followed by white goods firms (38%) and automobile companies (11%). About 93% of respondents said brands should at least acknowledge complaints from users within 72 hours. “Many consumers complained that customer service numbers of many companies do not work,” according to LocalCircles.

Ques: Which among the following is the main reason of initiating the standardization drive of the Bureau of Indian Standards for the services sector?

The services sector is one of the most important sectors in the economy and most of the GDP contribution comes from this sector only.

The services sector is one of the most important sectors in the economy and most of the GDP contribution comes from this sector only.

The services sector is not growing according to the expectations of the government and there is some thrust required from outside.

The services sector is not growing according to the expectations of the government and there is some thrust required from outside.

The services sector is becoming very important in terms of growth in the country and customers should be given the best of quality.

The services sector is becoming very important in terms of growth in the country and customers should be given the best of quality.

The government wants the BIS to focus on the services sector so that other sectors can also understand the standardization drive of the government.

The government wants the BIS to focus on the services sector so that other sectors can also understand the standardization drive of the government.

The government is of the view that the services sector should be given proper attention so that it can grow properly

The government is of the view that the services sector should be given proper attention so that it can grow properly

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following will be a framework for the standardization initiative of the Bureau of Indian Standards with regard to the services sector?

The BIS will employ outside agencies related to each sector of service so that there will be expert opinions from the ground level.

The BIS will employ outside agencies related to each sector of service so that there will be expert opinions from the ground level.

The BIS will never understand the importance of any particular service and that is why it will set up a different organization.

The BIS will never understand the importance of any particular service and that is why it will set up a different organization.

A specialized division will be created in BIS with technical experts from various services sectors in the country.

A specialized division will be created in BIS with technical experts from various services sectors in the country.

The BIS will depute officials to the Ministry of Food and Public Distribution which will oversee the whole drive.

The BIS will depute officials to the Ministry of Food and Public Distribution which will oversee the whole drive.

The BIS will not understand the importance of food items and that is why it will never understand the basics of other services also.

The BIS will not understand the importance of food items and that is why it will never understand the basics of other services also.

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following is true regarding the standardization drive to be initiated by the Bureau of Indian Standards?

  1. It will focus on the services sector and all the services will be focused on under this new initiative.

  2. The main reason for initiating this drive is the servicing post sales of any product.

  3. This standardization will focus on framing a benchmark for the quality of service in the country.

Both II and III

Both II and III

Both I and II

Both I and II

Only II

Only II

Only III

Only III

All I, II and III

All I, II and III

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following is true regarding the poll conducted by the community network LocalCircles regarding customer service in India?

  1. The mobile phone manufacturers are mostly interested in selling the products without giving much attention to the after sales service

  2. Many sectors in India are facing the issue of after sales service in-country and nothing is being done to take care of this issue

  3. It is important that the complaints of the customers should be acknowledged first by the service providers

Both II and III

Both II and III

Only II

Only II

Both I and III

Both I and III

Only I

Only I

All I, II, and III

All I, II, and III

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
Which among the following is the appeal made by the Bureau of Indian Standards to the industry bodies in the country?

BIS has appealed to the industry bodies to come forward and share the inputs regarding the betterment of customer services.

BIS has appealed to the industry bodies to come forward and share the inputs regarding the betterment of customer services.

BIS is of the view that the industry bodies should take care of the complaints from the customers.

BIS is of the view that the industry bodies should take care of the complaints from the customers.

BIS wants the industry bodies to put in place a mechanism to take care of the increasing number of complaints from the customers.

BIS wants the industry bodies to put in place a mechanism to take care of the increasing number of complaints from the customers.

BIS is of the view that the industry bodies do not know the actual situation and that is why they are not doing anything.

BIS is of the view that the industry bodies do not know the actual situation and that is why they are not doing anything.

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