Deloitte Reading Comprehension Questions and Answers Quiz-1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
On the surface, the conquest of the Aztec empire by Herman Cortes is one of the most amazing military accomplishments in history. With a small fighting force numbering in the hundreds, Cortes led the Spanish explorers into victory against an Aztec population that many believe topped 21 million. In light of such a seemingly impossible victory, the obvious question is: how did a small group of foreign fighters manage to topple one of the world's strongest, wealthiest, and most successful military empires?

Several factors led to Cortes' success. First, the Spanish exploited animosity toward the Aztecs among rival groups and convinced thousands of locals to fight. In one account of a battle, it is recorded that at least 200,000 natives fought with Cortes. Next, the Spanish possessed superior military equipment in the form of European cannons, guns, and crossbows, leading to effective and efficient disposal of Aztec defenses. For example, Spanish cannons quickly defeated large Aztec walls that had protected the empire against big and less technically advanced armies.

Despite the Spanish advantages, the Aztecs probably could have succeeded in defending their capital city of Tenochtitlan had they leveraged their incredible population base to increase their army's size and ensured that no rogue cities would ally with Cortes. In order to accomplish this later goal, Aztec leader Motecuhzoma needed to send envoys to neighboring cities telling their inhabitants about the horrors of Spanish conquest and the inevitability of Spanish betrayal.

In addition, the Aztecs should have exploited the fact that the battle was taking place on their territory. No reason existed for the Aztecs to consent to a conventional battle, which heavily favored the Spanish. Motecuhzoma's forces should have thought outside the box and allowed Cortes into the city, only to subsequently use hundreds of thousands of fighters to prevent escape and proceed in surprise "door-to-door" combat. With this type of battle, the Aztecs would have largely thwarted Spanish technological supremacy. However, in the end, the superior weaponry of the Spanish, the pent-up resentment of Aztec rivals, the failure of Aztec diplomacy, and the lack of an unconventional Aztec war plan led to one of the most surprising military outcomes in the past one thousand years.

Which of the following best characterizes the main point the author is trying to convey in the passage?

Aztec failure to fight an unconventional war led to an unnecessary defeat

Aztec failure to fight an unconventional war led to an unnecessary defeat

Spanish victory was neither as impressive nor as surprising as it may first appear

Spanish victory was neither as impressive nor as surprising as it may first appear

Herman Cortes masterminded an amazing military accomplishment

Herman Cortes masterminded an amazing military accomplishment

The myopic vision of the Aztecs led to their unnecessary downfall

The myopic vision of the Aztecs led to their unnecessary downfall

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
The passage is sequentially organized in which of the following ways?

Define a problem; explain the sources of the problem; offer a solution to the problem

Define a problem; explain the sources of the problem; offer a solution to the problem

Pose a question; offer an answer to the question; offer an alternative answer to the question

Pose a question; offer an answer to the question; offer an alternative answer to the question

Introduce a mystery; offer an explanation for the mystery; provide an alternative explanation for the mystery

Introduce a mystery; offer an explanation for the mystery; provide an alternative explanation for the mystery

Introduce an enigma; explain the reasons for the enigma; discuss the inevitability of the enigma

Introduce an enigma; explain the reasons for the enigma; discuss the inevitability of the enigma

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
According to the passage, all of the following led to Cortes success except:

Advanced crossbows

Advanced crossbows

Local Spanish allies

Local Spanish allies

Nimble military force

Nimble military force

Local tribal friction

Local tribal friction

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
The author implies which of the following about the nature of Aztec regional influence and power?

Achieved with a non-traditional military campaign

Achieved with a non-traditional military campaign

Engendered some anger

Engendered some anger

Achieved through alliances

Achieved through alliances

Based upon small yet swift and brutal military force

Based upon small yet swift and brutal military force

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
The author's tone can best be described as?

Analytical

Analytical

Anger

Anger

Frustrated

Frustrated

Optomistic

Optomistic

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