TCS Ninja Reading Comprehension Quiz-1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Political education has many connotations. It may be defined as the preparation of a citizen to take well informed, responsible and sustained action for participation in the national struggle in order to achieve the socio-economic objectives of the country. The predominant socio- economic objectives in India are the abolition of poverty and the creation of a modern democratic, secular and socialist society in place of the present traditional, feudal, hierarchical and in egalitarian one.
Under the colonial rule, the Congress leaders argued that political education was an important part of education and refused to accept the official view that education and politics should not be mixed with one another. But when they came to power in 1947 they almost adopted the British policy and began to talk of education being defiled by politics. ‘Hands off education’ was the call to political parties. But in spite of it, political infiltration into the educational system has greatly increased in the sense that different political parties vie with each other to capture the mind of teachers and students. The wise academicians wanted political support, without political interference. What we have actually received is infinite political interference with little genuine political support. This interference with the educational system by political parties for their own ulterior motives is no political education at all and with the all round growth of elitism, it is hardly a matter for surprise that real political education within the school system (which really means the creation of a commitment to social transformation) has been even weaker than in the pre-independence period.
During that time only, the struggle for freedom came to an end and the major non- formal agency of political education disappeared. The press played a major role by providing some political education. But it did not utilize the opportunity to the full and the strangle hold of vested interests continued to dominate it. The same can be said of political parties as well as of other institutions and agencies outside the school system which can be expected to provide political education. After analyzing all these things , it appears that we have made no progress in genuine political education in the post-education period and have even slided back in some respects. For instance, the education system has become even more elite-oriented. Patriotism has become the first casualty. The father of the nation gave us the courage to oppose government when it was wrong, in a disciplined fashion and on basic principles. Today, we have even lost the courage to fight on basic issues in a disciplined manner because agitational and anarchic politics for individual, group or party aggrandizement has become common. In the recent times the education system continues to support domination of the privileged groups and domestication of the under- privileged ones. The situation will not change unless we take vigorous steps to provide genuine political education on an adequate scale. This is one of the major educational reforms we need, and if it is not carried out, mere linear expansion of the existing system of formal education will only support the status quo and hamper radical social transformation.

According to the passage, what should be the main purpose of political education?

To champion the cause of elitism

To champion the cause of elitism

To bring qualitative change in the entire education system

To bring qualitative change in the entire education system

To create an egalitarian society

To create an egalitarian society

To prepare the young generation with high intellectual acumen.

To prepare the young generation with high intellectual acumen.

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
Which is the most opposite in meaning to the word ‘hamper’ as used in the passage?

Accelerate  

Accelerate  

envision  

envision  

foster  

foster  

initiate

initiate

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
ow has politics been related to educational institutions after independence?

 

Although they got political support but there was no interference of politics.  

Although they got political support but there was no interference of politics.  

It is clear that they got almost no political support as well as political interference.  

It is clear that they got almost no political support as well as political interference.  

They got political support at the cost of political interference.  

They got political support at the cost of political interference.  

There was substantial interference without political support.

There was substantial interference without political support.

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Which word is nearly opposite in meaning as “defile” as used in the passage?

 

Disparage  

Disparage  

forgery  

forgery  

degenerate  

degenerate  

sanctify

sanctify

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Based on the passage, which is the major drawback of the present education system?

 

The education system mainly represents the oppressed sections of the society.  

The education system mainly represents the oppressed sections of the society.  

It is based on the British model of education.  

It is based on the British model of education.  

The present education system promotes the domination of the privileged few.  

The present education system promotes the domination of the privileged few.  

It is highly hierarchical and egalitarian in nature.

It is highly hierarchical and egalitarian in nature.

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
DIRECTIONS for the question 6-10 : Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
A fact that draws our attention is that, according to his position in life, an extravagant man is either admired or loathed. A successful business man does nothing to increase his popularity by being prudent with his money. A person who is wealthy is expected to lead a luxurious life and to be lavish with his hospitality. If he is not so, he is considered mean, and his reputation in business may even suffer in consequence. The paradox remains that he had not been careful with his money in the first place; he would never have achieved his present wealth.
Among the low income group, a different set of values exists. The young clerk, who makes his wife a present of a new dress when he has not paid his house rent, is condemned as extravagant. Carefulness with money to the point of meanness is applauded as a virtue. Nothing in his life is considered more worthy than paying his bills. The ideal wife for such a man separates her housekeeping money into joyless little piles – so much for rent, for food, for the children’s shoes, she is able to face the milkman with equanimity every, month satisfied with her economizing ways , and never knows the guilt of buying something she can’t really afford .
As for myself, I fall neither of these categories. If I have money to spare I can be extravagant, but when, as is usually the case, I am hard up and then I am the meanest man imaginable.

Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage:

 

Being extravagant is always condemnable.  

Being extravagant is always condemnable.  

The cause of poverty is extravagance.  

The cause of poverty is extravagance.  

Extravagance is a part of the rich as well as of the poor.  

Extravagance is a part of the rich as well as of the poor.  

Stingy habits of the poor.

Stingy habits of the poor.

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
The word ‘paradox’ in the last sentence of the first paragraph means

Statement based on the popular opinion  

Statement based on the popular opinion  

a statement that seems self-contradictory but in reality expresses a possible truth.  

a statement that seems self-contradictory but in reality expresses a possible truth.  

Statement based on facts  

Statement based on facts  

A word that brings out the hidden meanin

A word that brings out the hidden meanin

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
What is the meaning of the word “equanimity”?

 

Calmness  

Calmness  

Discomposure  

Discomposure  

Equivocal  

Equivocal  

Dubious

Dubious

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
The phrase ‘lavish with his hospitality’ in the third sentence of the first paragraph means

 

Thoughtful in spending only on guests and strangers.  

Thoughtful in spending only on guests and strangers.  

Unconcerned in treating his friends and relatives.  

Unconcerned in treating his friends and relatives.  

Stinginess in dealing with his relatives.  

Stinginess in dealing with his relatives.  

Extravagance in entertaining guest.

Extravagance in entertaining guest.

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
According to the passage the person, who is a successful businessman and wealthy

 

Is expected to have lavish lifestyle.  

Is expected to have lavish lifestyle.  

Should not bother about popularity.  

Should not bother about popularity.  

Is more popular if he appears to be wasting away his time.  

Is more popular if he appears to be wasting away his time.  

Must be extravagant before achieving success.

Must be extravagant before achieving success.

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