Quiz-8

TCS English Questions and Answers

 Question 1

Unemployment is an issue that plagues almost every country. When the number of jobs ……. by the youth and others in a country exceeds the number of available jobs, it gives rise to unemployment. Unemployment has harmful effects on the society and the economy of the country. Unemployed persons are unable to meet their requirements of food, clothing and shelter. The unemployed would form part of the poorer sections of society. With greater unemployment there is greater poverty. Without ……… to nutritious food, the poor and unemployed become vulnerable to develop illnesses and diseases of malnutrition that may become fatal too. Those who lack a livelihood, and are thus deprived of resources, may also lack access to hygiene and cleanliness that may make them …….. to ill health.  Unemployed people are also liable to develop psychological conditions requiring medical attention. With greater unemployment there is an …….. in the number of homeless …….. and street dwellers. Unemployment is also responsible for increased beggary. When people are unable to satisfy their needs due to lack of sufficient resources, they have no other way ……. begging. With increased unemployment there is also a high rate of crime such as murder, rape, robbing, burglary and cheating in society.

A.

1. demanded

2. demand

3. demanding

Correct Option: 1

B.

1. access

2. excess

3. excessive

Correct Option: 1

C.

1. susceptible

2. subject

3. Nor 1 nor 2

Correct Option: 1

D.

1. rise

2. increase

3. grow

Correct Option: 2

 

E.

1. persons

2. people

3. pupils

Correct Option: 2

F.

1. accept

2. except

3. omit

Correct Option: 2

 

Question 2

Nature refers to the natural resources and natural surroundings. The life species in nature are interrelated and create …….. in nature. They form a natural food chain through which energy is passed from one species to the other. The series of ……… in which each organism feeds on the one below it in the sequence is called the food chain in natural ecosystem. Food chain includes several plants, organisms, animals and other living species. This natural food chain is the source of energy for the forest species. The energy is passed from one creature to the other which helps them grow and survive. For example in forest deer feeds on the grass and green plants and the tiger feeds on the deer. Plants get their energy form sunlight and nutrients from soil. Deer is herbivores animal. Herbivores depend on plants for energy and are vegetarians. On the other hand tiger is a carnivorous animal. Carnivores eat herbivores and sometimes other …….. for energy. So there is a whole chain that includes plants, herbivores, carnivores and plants consume energy from sunlight. And there are lots of animals that eat plants and meat both. These are called omnivorous animals. For instance, black beer is an omnivorous animal. Some omnivores also eat ….. animals and those are called scavengers. Thus, the chain goes on. All the species on earth are important for the survival of entire series of organisms and to balance the natural ……

A.

1. equivalence

2. equality

3. balance

Correct Option: 3

B.

1. organisms

2. organism

3. organs

Correct Option: 1

C.

1. carnivorous

2. carnivores

3. neither 1 nor 2

Correct Option: 2

D.

1. dead

2. rotten

3. either 1 or 2

Correct Option: 1

E.

1. cycle

2. not 1 nor 3

3. circle

Correct Option: 1

 

Question 3

Physical fitness is really very much important in our life. Now-a-days, in the modern life, most of the people are moving towards more …..  lifestyle which is increasing the risk of diseases. Reduction in the daily activity level, gives rise to diseases such as bad cardiovascular fitness and ……. body weight. People, who are involved in the inactive lifestyle, must know the …… of health and physical fitness so that they can involve themselves in the daily routine physical exercises in order to remain away from diseases and be fit. Being active is very necessary for keeping our body functioning at a high level. Regular physical exercises help in maintaining the performance of lungs, heart and other major body organs. It burns off excess calories and keeps our weight under control. It also improves the muscle and bone strength, increases the joint flexibility as well as improves muscle ….. . Most importantly, daily physical activities decrease the risk of heart diseases, risk of stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, colon cancer, etc. Regular exercise increases the overall happiness in our life which keeps us mentally happy and peaceful too. It …….. the symptoms of depression, stress, anxiety and other mental disorders. We can get something good to our life, if we maintain our health and fitness. There are many activities which can keep us fit and happy for long time such as walking, cycling, swimming, biking, using gym, community centre, and other various sports ……..

A.

1. deskbound

2. inactive

3. either 1 or 2

Correct Option: 3

B.

1. increase

2. increasing

3. increase

Correct Option: 2

C.

1. benefits

2. drawback

3. profit

Correct Option: 1

D.

1. strength

2. endurance

3. both 1 and 2

Correct Option: 3

E.

1. relieve

2. relieves

3. release

Correct Option: 3

F.

1. activities

2. activity

3. Both 1 and 2

Correct Option: 1

 

Question 4

The culture of India refers to the distinct …….of various religions’ and societies in India. India has always been known for its traditions and amiability. The affection in relations and the high spirit of celebrations make our nation stand out ……… in the world. The vibrant culture of India is the fusion of different religions, cultures, food, festivals, dance, music, art and crafts. Everything from the cultures, traditions, values, beliefs, customs and rituals is unique in our country. The art of Indian culture blends all sorts of hues. India is one of the most ……. countries in the world. Freedom to follow different religions is the phenomenon of congenial permanence of diverse cultures In India. In spite of cultural differences there is a sort of …….. in the country. India has set an example with brotherhood and cooperation across the world. The culture of our nation, India is traditional yet contemporary. The traditional Indian culture has transformed a lot with changing time and survives in modern era with pride. Thus, India is a blend of …… and modern culture. People have the right to worship and …… different religions.

A.

1. mixture

2. combination

3. mix

Correct Option: 1

B.

1. distinctively

2. distinct

3. different

Correct Option: 1

C.

1. secular

2. secularism

3. secular

Correct Option: 1

D.

1. unity

2. togetherness

3. Both 1 and 2

Correct Option: 1

E.

1. tradition

2. traditional

3. traditions

Correct Option: 3

F.

1. followed

2. follow

3. follows

Correct Option: 2

 

Question 5

Corruption in today’s scenario is amongst the major ……… in the developing countries. One of the reasons why countries such as India and China haven’t been able to come at same level with the developed nations even after having a pool of ………. minds is that corruption lies at the core of these countries. The general public in India is forced to indulge …… corrupt practices at various phases in life. One of these is the time when the parents want to get their children admitted to a good school. School admission is a major problem especially in the country’s capital, Delhi. Good education is the right of every child but is acquiring education a smooth process for children? The first step itself is extremely difficult. Parents struggle to get their children admitted to good schools. Schools demand …. donations to give admission to children. The government is very well aware about the corrupt means adopted by the schools to extract money. However, it does not take any strict action to stop the same. The ………. is not much different when the students go for university admissions. Children of big businessmen and celebrities get admission easily because of the power of money while those who deserve have actually worked hard for the admission and have to suffer. Such ……. practices must be stopped. Our nation can grow and flourish only when the problem of corruption is eradicated.

A.

1. problem

2. problems

3. causes

Correct Option: 2

B.

1. brilliance

2. brilliant

3. intelligence

Correct Option: 2

C.

1. in

2. into

3. beneath

Correct Option: 2

 

D.

1. huge

2. great

3. big

Correct Option: 1

E.

1. scenario

2. picture

3. none of these

Correct Option: 1

F.

1. corruption

2. corrupt

3. corrupted

 

Correct Option: 2

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