Quiz-14

TCS English Questions and Answers

Question 1

The word democracy is ……. from a conjunction of two Greek words “demos” meaning people and “kasha” which means rule. Thus democracy is when people choose to rule themselves or in the words of Abraham Lincoln, “government by the people, of the people, for the people”. Obviously everyone in the country cannot possible take part in the government so the people elect those by whom they want to be governed. What is criticism? Any opinion against the …….. scheme is criticism. Criticism can be of two types – constructive and destructive. The purpose of ……… criticism is to improve the present for the good of all. This is a positive approach. Destructive criticism is usually criticism for the sake of criticism. It is a negative approach which is disconcerting at the individual level and destructive in general. Constructive criticism is a must for all democracies. It encourages …… participation in the government, which is the hallmark of any democracy. Moreover, it ………. the politicians to accept responsibility for their actions and gauge the public response. It is a system of feedback by which the public pulse can be felt. When these forms are alive and active we may say democracy …….. .

A.

  1. taken
  2. derived
  3. found

Correct Option: 2

B.

  1. existent
  2. living
  3. existents

Correct Option: 1

C.

  1. effective
  2. constructive
  3. Both 1 and 2

Correct Option: 3

D.

  1. peoples
  2. local
  3. public

Correct Option: 3

E.

  1. compels
  2. dissuade
  3. oblige

Correct Option: 1

F.

  1. cease
  2. wither
  3. thrives

Correct Option: 3

Question 2

The phrase ‘Time is money’ is very commonly used now a days and is very true when seen in the present scenarios and the current state of the society and the market as a general example. The economic shifts in terms of up’s and down’s are seen very …….. every day. The economic shift and the stock market value increase and decrease are now seen to be seen basically dependent on the functionalities and the various working ……. of the people associated with the company. Where every employee contributes a huge sum towards the development of the company and this helps in the understanding of the fact that every single moment the employee works in the company contributes if not a large sum but at least a little sum for the development of the company and thus contributing a sum and thus can be said that every moment contributes a sum and thus the term -time is money. Apart from this example various other more commonly …….. examples too can be given where it can be said that every single moment of hard work if not presently but definitely pays in the long run and thus every moment is …….. and thus the term money is a measure of time or a penny saved is a penny earned is very …… with the father of all these terms that is ‘time is money’.

A.

  1. mildly
  2. trivially
  3. drastically

Correct Option: 3

B.

  1. lack
  2. prowess
  3. cowardice

Correct Option: 2

C.

  1. affiliated
  2. detached
  3. avoided

Correct Option: 1

D.

  1. impaired
  2. adored
  3. precious

Correct Option: 3

E.

  1. inapt
  2. apropos
  3. stupid

Correct Option: 2

Question 3

Perhaps, the most fundamental question which divides sociologists is the ….. sociology as a science. The founding fathers of sociology took it for granted that sociology a science. Comte, the father of sociology, called sociology as the “queen of sciences”. Since then many sociologists has come to view sociology in terms of natural sciences. But however there have been differences of opinion regarding the scientific nature of sociology. There is lot of …… about the nature of sociology as a science. There are two schools thought or group regarding the nature of sociology as a science; some …….. claim that sociology is a science in its own rights. It is as much a science like other social sciences such History, Economics, Political science etc. Others deny its scientific status. Before forming an opinion on this subject, let us enquiry into what constitutes “Science”. A science is “a branch of knowledge or study dealing with a body of facts truths systematically arranged and showing the operation of general laws. It ……. facts and links them together in their causal sequence with a view to draw valid inferences. Scientific knowledge is based on reason and ……… . According to William Estlinger, what distinguishes a science is that “it is exclusive and methodically based on reason”. Experimentation and prediction are not its requirement it only signifies the instance of systematic methods of enquiry. According to Huxley a science is a systematic body of knowledge based on reason and evidences.

A.

  1. lowliness
  2. status
  3. tag

Correct Option: 2

B.

  1. concurrence
  2. controversy
  3. forbearance

Correct Option: 2

C.

  1. amateur
  2. complementary
  3. reviewer

Correct Option: 3

D

  1. brings
  2. distributes
  3. collects

Correct Option: 3

E.

  1. concealment
  2. evidences
  3. disproof

Correct Option: 2

F.

  1. enquiry
  2. inquiry
  3. None

Correct Option: 1

Question 4

In order to prevent the spread of microbial diseases, we must take steps to check the growth of disease-causing micro-organisms and to prevent the microbial carriers like houseflies, mosquitoes and cockroaches from …….. For this, we must follow some guidelines. Eating a balanced diet: A balanced diet increases the ……. of our body against diseases. Proper storage of food and water: We must store food and water in closed containers to protect them from micro-organisms and insects. Maintaining personal ………. : We must keep ourselves clean to prevent micro-organisms from entering our body.  Vaccination: Diseases like T.B. (tuberculosis), measles, polio, chicken pox, typhoid, whooping cough and tetanus can be prevented by vaccinating children against them. Maintaining clean environment: Keeping our home and neighbourhood clean prevents the growth of both micro-organisms and their carriers. Proper disposal of wastes: Proper disposal of human …….. and domestic waste prevents the contamination of water which would otherwise cause many ………. diseases like cholera, jaundice, diarrhoea, etc.

A.

  1. breeding
  2. flying
  3. raising

Correct Option: 1

B.

  1. compliance
  2. resistance
  3. assistance

Correct Option: 2

C.

  1. foulness
  2. hygiene
  3. solitariness

Correct Option: 2

D.

  1. waste
  2. excreta
  3. excretion

Correct Option: 2

E.

  1. water-borne
  2. water-born
  3. water-bourn

Correct Option: 1

Question 5

In less than a century, the British occupied a large part of India. The reason for the success of the British can be explained by a number of factors. The Indian states lacked unity. Powerful states such as Punjab, Mysore and the Marathas ……… to act unitedly against a common foreign …….. . All of them fell prey to the British policy of ‘Divide and Rule’. The British, on the other hand, were a united lot and under a unified command. The Indian rulers failed to create a stable social, political and economic order. Most of them were short-sighted in the …….. of their goals. They failed to win the loyalty of their subjects. The badly-trained and poorly-paid Indian armies were no match for the …….. and well-trained British forces. The Indians were technologically backward whereas, the British had developed new techniques of ………. . The British were strong at sea. None of the Indian states had a strong navy. By the middle of the nineteenth century AD, the British had firmly established their position in India. A large part of the country was under direct British rule. The areas that remained independent were indirectly under British influence. India was subjugated politically as well as economically. The economic exploitation of India was a result of its political subjugation.

A.

  1. ascended
  2. failed
  3. lost

Correct Option: 2

B.

  1. army
  2. enemy
  3. associate

Correct Option: 2

C.

  1. trail
  2. retreat
  3. pursuit

Correct Option: 3

D.

  1. disciplined
  2. imprecise
  3. unmethodical

Correct Option: 1

E.

  1. ceasefire
  2. truce
  3. warfare

Correct Option: 3

F.

  1. thrall
  2. subjugation
  3. retreat

Correct Option: 2

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