HCL Reading Comprehension Quiz-1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
(Question 1 - 5) - Directions

 

Read the comprehension given below and answer the questions in the following questions.

 

Technology is the result of congregate knowledge and the application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research. Technology is embedded in the operation of all machines, with or without detailed knowledge of their function, for the intended purpose of an organization. The technologies of society consist of what is known as systems. Systems operate by obtaining an input, altering this input through what is known as a process, and then producing an outcome that achieves the intended purpose of the system. This is also known as a technology system or technological system.

The earliest and simplest form of technology is the development of knowledge that leads to the application of basic tools. The prehistoric invention of shaped stone tools and the discovery of how to control fire increased the sources of food that were available to human beings through cooking procedures that eliminated almost all disease-causing pathogens in food sources. The subsequent Neolithic Revolution quadrupled the sustenance available from a usable territory through the development of farming technologies.

The invention of the wheel led to the traveling technologies that helped humans further increase the yield of food production over a given period and travel between and across territories in less time, where information could be more easily exchanged between members of society. Not only did this circumstance result in increased total food production and increased information exchange over large territories, but also the increased production of raw materials, such as spinning thread or yarn, through the invention of the spinning wheel. Since these raw materials can be processed into paper, the opportunity to provide information to a larger population had also become available during this period in history.

Humanity then progressed to the development of the printing press, the telephone, the computer, and then the Internet. Computers consist of a central processing unit and storage devices. As a result of the continual focus on the research of processors and storage devices, technological developments have not only increased information exchange but have also allowed people to pave the road for self-regulated and self-operating technology.

 

 1. How technology is connected with systems?

Information system incorporates the technology, people, and processes involved with information.

Information system incorporates the technology, people, and processes involved with information.

a system that takes an input, changes it according to the system's use, and then produces an outcome is technology.

a system that takes an input, changes it according to the system's use, and then produces an outcome is technology.

Accessing the data to the system and using it, is a technology

Accessing the data to the system and using it, is a technology

None of these

None of these

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
How can we develop the technology?

As per our requirement

As per our requirement

By increasing knowledge

By increasing knowledge

By implementing skills

By implementing skills

All of the above

All of the above

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
Choose the correct opposite word for - Quadrupled

Foursome

Foursome

single

single

tetrad

tetrad

Quaternary

Quaternary

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Choose the correct synonym of a word: Congregate

Squander

Squander

Distribute

Distribute

Drop off

Drop off

Assemble

Assemble

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
What is the conclusion of the above passage?

Technology is the development of knowledge

Technology is the development of knowledge

Technology is invented as per the requirement

Technology is invented as per the requirement

Technology is the collected data

Technology is the collected data

Both A & B

Both A & B

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
(Question 6 - 10) - Directions

 

Read the comprehension given below and answer the questions in the following questions.

 

Unemployment is a serious problem that underdeveloped countries like India are facing today. Unemployment indicates a situation where the total number of job vacancies is much less than the total number of job seekers in the country. It means a situation characterized by the existence of able-bodied persons who are willing to work but is not able to get a meaningful or gainful job which ultimately results in huge wastage of manpower resources.

“A man is unemployed only when he is both without a job or not employed and also desires to be employed.” ―Pigou

India is an underdeveloped though a developing economy where the problem of unemployment differs from unemployment in advanced economies. Lord Keynes describes unemployment in advanced economies to be the result of deficiency of effective demand, which means demand for labor falls because the demand for industrial products also falls. But the unemployment problem in India is not the result of a deficiency of effective demand but the result of a shortage of capital equipment and other complementary resources accompanied by the high rate of population growth.

6. Why is India facing a shortage of employment?

Because of the Lack of resources

Because of the Lack of resources

Because of lack of knowledge

Because of lack of knowledge

Because of the lack of development

Because of the lack of development

Because overpopulation

Because overpopulation

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
“A man is unemployed only when he is both without a job or not employed and also desires to be employed.” Why does this happen so?

Because a person does not have the latest and required skills

Because a person does not have the latest and required skills

Due to the uninterest in doing the job

Due to the uninterest in doing the job

Due to the lack of jobs in the market

Due to the lack of jobs in the market

Due to the lack of confidence and energy

Due to the lack of confidence and energy

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
What does the word “capital equipment” refer to in the paragraph?

Money

Money

Property

Property

Resources

Resources

Business

Business

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
How can India overcome the problem of Unemployment?

By devolution of industrial activities

By devolution of industrial activities

By providing better education

By providing better education

By providing government schemes

By providing government schemes

By increasing industrial production

By increasing industrial production

Both A & B

Both A & B

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
Which one of these is not a type of unemployment?

Cyclical unemployment

Cyclical unemployment

Seasonal unemployment

Seasonal unemployment

Structural unemployment

Structural unemployment

Casual unemployment

Casual unemployment

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