First Naukri Critical Thinking Quiz 1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Numerous individuals believe that legalising prostitution will prevent deaths, enhance global health, boost tax revenue, assist people in escaping poverty, remove prostitutes from the streets, and allow consenting adults to make their own decisions. They argue that prostitution is a minor crime, as evidenced in locations where it is currently legal.

If true, which of the following propositions improves the supplied argument?

Studies show that legalized and regulated flesh trade brings lower rates of rape and sexual assault and also sex workers are better protected against abuse, exploitation and trafficking.

Studies show that legalized and regulated flesh trade brings lower rates of rape and sexual assault and also sex workers are better protected against abuse, exploitation and trafficking.

Legalizing prostitution would lead to increases in sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, global human trafficking, and violent crime including rape and homicide

Legalizing prostitution would lead to increases in sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, global human trafficking, and violent crime including rape and homicide

Prostitution is inherently immoral, commercially exploitative, empowers the criminal underworld, and promotes the repression of women by men.

Prostitution is inherently immoral, commercially exploitative, empowers the criminal underworld, and promotes the repression of women by men.

Many sex workers are fighting the legal status quo, social mores and also mainstream feminism, which has typically focused on saving women from the sex trade rather than supporting sex workers who demand greater rights.

Many sex workers are fighting the legal status quo, social mores and also mainstream feminism, which has typically focused on saving women from the sex trade rather than supporting sex workers who demand greater rights.

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
Numerous individuals believe that legalising prostitution will prevent deaths, enhance global health, boost tax revenue, assist people in escaping poverty, remove prostitutes from the streets, and allow consenting adults to make their own decisions. They argue that prostitution is a minor crime, as evidenced in locations where it is currently legal.

Which of the following arguments does not follow: "allow consenting people to make their own decisions"?

The fact “to take contraceptive pills or not” is the right of an individual married or unmarried.

The fact “to take contraceptive pills or not” is the right of an individual married or unmarried.

Self-harm, which is practised by many adults, has been described as a way of dealing with severe mental suffering and is often referred to as a coping strategy.

Self-harm, which is practised by many adults, has been described as a way of dealing with severe mental suffering and is often referred to as a coping strategy.

Thushara, a 20-year-old Kerala woman, whose marriage had been annulled, chose to live with NandaKumar, a 21 year old man.

Thushara, a 20-year-old Kerala woman, whose marriage had been annulled, chose to live with NandaKumar, a 21 year old man.

Alex left home at the age of 16, though his parents’ were against his decision.

Alex left home at the age of 16, though his parents’ were against his decision.

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
There are numerous opinions on whether or not a college degree is worthwhile. Degree holders have higher employment rates, increased salaries, and greater job perks than high school students, according to proponents of higher education. They also claim that degree holders have improved communication skills, survive better, have healthier children, and have demonstrated their ability to achieve major goals.

Which of the following statements, if true, most strongly supports the view that college education is worth it?

Many successful people never graduated from college and that many jobs, especially trades jobs, do not require college degrees.

Many successful people never graduated from college and that many jobs, especially trades jobs, do not require college degrees.

The 2017 poverty rate for bachelor's degree holders was 4%, compared to a 12% poverty rate for high school graduates.

The 2017 poverty rate for bachelor's degree holders was 4%, compared to a 12% poverty rate for high school graduates.

Student loan debt is crippling for college graduates.

Student loan debt is crippling for college graduates.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, of the 30 projected fastest growing jobs between 2010 and 2020, five do not require a high school diploma, nine require a high school diploma, four require an associate's degree, six require a bachelor's degree, and six require graduate degrees.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, of the 30 projected fastest growing jobs between 2010 and 2020, five do not require a high school diploma, nine require a high school diploma, four require an associate's degree, six require a bachelor's degree, and six require graduate degrees.

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Core industries such as coal and mining activities, as well as aviation, have been overhauled for efficacy, according to Dr. Niranjan Hiranandani. The nation has created a fair playing field for private companies in coal and minerals extraction by liberalising entry procedures, which will boost the efficiency of these industries.This would help the country become a more business-friendly location by attracting substantial investments in these fields. He added that the government's attempts to turn India into a Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) hub would save the Indian airlines industry billions of rupees in infrastructure costs. These airlines had to fly to other nations to repair their broken planes earlier.

Which of the following statements on coal and mineral mining liberalisation is compatible with Dr. Hiranandani's inferences?

Liberalization norms can be proved fatal as after that government intervention will be minimal.

Liberalization norms can be proved fatal as after that government intervention will be minimal.

Liberalization will mean benefits for the workers and the efficiency of these workers will increase accordingly.

Liberalization will mean benefits for the workers and the efficiency of these workers will increase accordingly.

If foreign companies are given extra cushion in the mining and coal sectors the private Indian companies will also feel boosted.

If foreign companies are given extra cushion in the mining and coal sectors the private Indian companies will also feel boosted.

If private institutions are given a fair and equal chance of succeeding it will be beneficial for India.

If private institutions are given a fair and equal chance of succeeding it will be beneficial for India.

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Core industries such as coal and mining activities, as well as aviation, have been overhauled for efficacy, according to Dr. Niranjan Hiranandani. The nation has created a fair playing field for private companies in coal and minerals extraction by liberalising entry procedures, which will boost the efficiency of these industries.This would help the country become a more business-friendly location by attracting substantial investments in these fields. He added that the government's attempts to turn India into a Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) hub would save the Indian airlines industry billions of rupees in infrastructure costs. These airlines had to fly to other nations to repair their broken planes earlier.

Which of the following will be a desirable outcome after easing of the entry norms to the private entities?

Over exploitation of lands by private companies putting natural resources under severe pressure and giving rise to environmental degradation.

Over exploitation of lands by private companies putting natural resources under severe pressure and giving rise to environmental degradation.

International airplanes getting repairing work done in India which in turn saves national funds.

International airplanes getting repairing work done in India which in turn saves national funds.

Government giving international companies full tax free lands and putting extra burden on national companies.

Government giving international companies full tax free lands and putting extra burden on national companies.

National sector companies like NALCO are getting closed due to competition from private players.

National sector companies like NALCO are getting closed due to competition from private players.

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
Core industries such as coal and mining activities, as well as aviation, have been overhauled for efficacy, according to Dr. Niranjan Hiranandani. The nation has created a fair playing field for private companies in coal and minerals extraction by liberalising entry procedures, which will boost the efficiency of these industries.This would help the country become a more business-friendly location by attracting substantial investments in these fields. He added that the government's attempts to turn India into a Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul (MRO) hub would save the Indian airlines industry billions of rupees in infrastructure costs. These airlines had to fly to other nations to repair their broken planes earlier.

Which of the following does not contradict Dr. Hiranandani’s observations about liberalization norms?

Indian aviation sector takes high maintenance charges from national carriers for giving service.

Indian aviation sector takes high maintenance charges from national carriers for giving service.

Indian aviation sector due to place shortage giving its hangers to international airlines’ only to keep their aircrafts.

Indian aviation sector due to place shortage giving its hangers to international airlines’ only to keep their aircrafts.

Indian aviation sector flourishing due to the liberalization norms as various international airlines’ are now depending on India for maintenance and repairing work done.

Indian aviation sector flourishing due to the liberalization norms as various international airlines’ are now depending on India for maintenance and repairing work done.

Indian aviation sector gives high class maintenance to the international airlines’ aircrafts only because of higher percentage of revenue generation.

Indian aviation sector gives high class maintenance to the international airlines’ aircrafts only because of higher percentage of revenue generation.

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
The Reserve Bank of India has reduced its growth prediction for this financial year to 5%. However, given the pessimism among our experts and pundits, one may be made to think that the prognosis is missing a negative sign. A look at India's post-reform economic history is a good lesson to learn at this point.
The economy has fluctuated between areas of peak and weak growth since 1991, when thorough economic reforms were undertaken, with the latter lasting 2 to 3 years. Each time it enters a period of decline growth, sceptics and pessimists of many stripes emerge, forecasting the end of India's growth storey. The economy always proves them wrong.
India had managed to achieve an average annual growth rate of 6.4 percent from 1992-93 to 1999-2000, notwithstanding changes. It was the first time the country had grown at a pace of more than 6% for an eight-year period. Even the East Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 could only bring the economy to a halt for a year during this time. It swiftly recovered, with average annual growth of 7.5 percent over the next two years.
Despite the fact that there was no policy change in the modern era, average yearly growth fell to 4.1 percent from 2000-01 to 2002-03. Not only in the media, but also in academics, a deluge of doomsday predictions followed. While analyst Bradford DeLong questioned India's changes, Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramaniam went one step further, claiming that the post-1991 reforms had failed to deliver. The economy had grown no faster in the 1990s than in the 1980s, they claimed.
However, reform opponents' joy can't last forever. Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao and Atal Bihari Vajpayee implemented long-term policy reforms that paid off handsomely. The GDP increased 7.9% in the last year of the Vajpayee administration. It intensified in the years after that, expanding at an average annual rate of 8.2% spanning a nine-year period from 2003-04 to 2011-12. Even the great global financial crisis could only shock the economy for a year, with average growth of 8.5 percent from 2009-10 to 2011-12.

Assertion (A) : Each time it enters a low growth phase, sceptics and pessimists of different shades come to the fore, predicting the end of the India growth story. Each time , the economy proves them wrong .
Reason (R) : Since 1991 consistent economic reforms by the government has led to a successful growth story of Indian economy.

A is false and R is true.

A is false and R is true.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

A is true and R is false.

A is true and R is false.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
The Reserve Bank of India has reduced its growth prediction for this financial year to 5%. However, given the pessimism among our experts and pundits, one may be made to think that the prognosis is missing a negative sign. A look at India's post-reform economic history is a good lesson to learn at this point.
The economy has fluctuated between areas of peak and weak growth since 1991, when thorough economic reforms were undertaken, with the latter lasting 2 to 3 years. Each time it enters a period of decline growth, sceptics and pessimists of many stripes emerge, forecasting the end of India's growth storey. The economy always proves them wrong.
India had managed to achieve an average annual growth rate of 6.4 percent from 1992-93 to 1999-2000, notwithstanding changes. It was the first time the country had grown at a pace of more than 6% for an eight-year period. Even the East Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 could only bring the economy to a halt for a year during this time. It swiftly recovered, with average annual growth of 7.5 percent over the next two years.
Despite the fact that there was no policy change in the modern era, average yearly growth fell to 4.1 percent from 2000-01 to 2002-03. Not only in the media, but also in academics, a deluge of doomsday predictions followed. While analyst Bradford DeLong questioned India's changes, Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramaniam went one step further, claiming that the post-1991 reforms had failed to deliver. The economy had grown no faster in the 1990s than in the 1980s, they claimed.
However, reform opponents' joy can't last forever. Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao and Atal Bihari Vajpayee implemented long-term policy reforms that paid off handsomely. The GDP increased 7.9% in the last year of the Vajpayee administration. It intensified in the years after that, expanding at an average annual rate of 8.2% spanning a nine-year period from 2003-04 to 2011-12. Even the great global financial crisis could only shock the economy for a year, with average growth of 8.5 percent from 2009-10 to 2011-12.

Assertion (A) : Even the big global financial crisis could only jolt the economy for a year, with average growth returning to 8.5 percent from 2009-10 to 2011-12.
Reason( R) : Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao and Atal Bihari Vajpayee's sustained policy reforms paid off handsomely.

A is false and R is true.

A is false and R is true.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

A is true and R is false.

A is true and R is false.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
The Reserve Bank of India has reduced its growth prediction for this financial year to 5%. However, given the pessimism among our experts and pundits, one may be made to think that the prognosis is missing a negative sign. A look at India's post-reform economic history is a good lesson to learn at this point.
The economy has fluctuated between areas of peak and weak growth since 1991, when thorough economic reforms were undertaken, with the latter lasting 2 to 3 years. Each time it enters a period of decline growth, sceptics and pessimists of many stripes emerge, forecasting the end of India's growth storey. The economy always proves them wrong.
India had managed to achieve an average annual growth rate of 6.4 percent from 1992-93 to 1999-2000, notwithstanding changes. It was the first time the country had grown at a pace of more than 6% for an eight-year period. Even the East Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 could only bring the economy to a halt for a year during this time. It swiftly recovered, with average annual growth of 7.5 percent over the next two years.
Despite the fact that there was no policy change in the modern era, average yearly growth fell to 4.1 percent from 2000-01 to 2002-03. Not only in the media, but also in academics, a deluge of doomsday predictions followed. While analyst Bradford DeLong questioned India's changes, Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramaniam went one step further, claiming that the post-1991 reforms had failed to deliver. The economy had grown no faster in the 1990s than in the 1980s, they claimed.
However, reform opponents' joy can't last forever. Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao and Atal Bihari Vajpayee implemented long-term policy reforms that paid off handsomely. The GDP increased 7.9% in the last year of the Vajpayee administration. It intensified in the years after that, expanding at an average annual rate of 8.2% spanning a nine-year period from 2003-04 to 2011-12. Even the great global financial crisis could only shock the economy for a year, with average growth of 8.5 percent from 2009-10 to 2011-12.

Assertion (A): The economy has fluctuated between periods of strong and low growth since 1991, when thorough economic reforms were undertaken, with the latter lasting two to three years.
Reason (R): Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramaniam increased the stakes by claiming that the post-1991 reforms had failed to deliver.

A is false and R is true.

A is false and R is true.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is not the correct explanation of A.

A is true and R is false.

A is true and R is false.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
The Reserve Bank of India has reduced its growth prediction for this financial year to 5%. However, given the pessimism among our experts and pundits, one may be made to think that the prognosis is missing a negative sign. A look at India's post-reform economic history is a good lesson to learn at this point.
The economy has fluctuated between areas of peak and weak growth since 1991, when thorough economic reforms were undertaken, with the latter lasting 2 to 3 years. Each time it enters a period of decline growth, sceptics and pessimists of many stripes emerge, forecasting the end of India's growth storey. The economy always proves them wrong.
India had managed to achieve an average annual growth rate of 6.4 percent from 1992-93 to 1999-2000, notwithstanding changes. It was the first time the country had grown at a pace of more than 6% for an eight-year period. Even the East Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 could only bring the economy to a halt for a year during this time. It swiftly recovered, with average annual growth of 7.5 percent over the next two years.
Despite the fact that there was no policy change in the modern era, average yearly growth fell to 4.1 percent from 2000-01 to 2002-03. Not only in the media, but also in academics, a deluge of doomsday predictions followed. While analyst Bradford DeLong questioned India's changes, Dani Rodrik and Arvind Subramaniam went one step further, claiming that the post-1991 reforms had failed to deliver. The economy had grown no faster in the 1990s than in the 1980s, they claimed.
However, reform opponents' joy can't last forever. Prime Ministers Narasimha Rao and Atal Bihari Vajpayee implemented long-term policy reforms that paid off handsomely. The GDP increased 7.9% in the last year of the Vajpayee administration. It intensified in the years after that, expanding at an average annual rate of 8.2% spanning a nine-year period from 2003-04 to 2011-12. Even the great global financial crisis could only shock the economy for a year, with average growth of 8.5 percent from 2009-10 to 2011-12.

Statement : The Reserve Bank of India has downgraded its forecast for growth in the current fiscal year to 5%.
Assumption I : The national income represented by Gross Domestic Product is downgraded.
Assumption II : The negative growth is due to the sluggish economic reforms.

Only assumption II is implicit

Only assumption II is implicit

Only assumption I is implicit

Only assumption I is implicit

Both assumption I and assumption II are implicit in the statement

Both assumption I and assumption II are implicit in the statement

Neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit in the statement

Neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit in the statement

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