AMDOCS Inferential and Literal Comprehensions Quiz-1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Nuclear arms are weapons of mass destruction and their existence represents the gravest threat to global security and stability in the post-cold-war context. ---- It may be just a question of time before terrorist groups and individuals lay their hands on them.
(A) The scale of their destructive potential and the perceived addition to military might and deterrent effect explain both the monopoly that nuclear weapons states insist on retaining and the ever-growing quest for their acquisition by other states.

(B) It is clear too that it will be  difficult for states to retain total control over nuclear material and weapons.

(C) But countries cannot do without them in a situation where the landscape is dotted with conflict-zones.

A, B

A, B

A

A

B

B

C

C

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
How do you bring an end to a devastating war? ----- Eradicating the tensions that caused the conflict and the ill-feelings that war itself bequeaths can be the work of decades and of generations.
(A) The question is easier posed than answered.

(B) Forty years after Vietnam, the question once again haunts America in Iraq.

(C) The necessary solution is sometimes itself only a starting point.

A,B

A,B

B,C

B,C

A

A

C

C

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
In the nineteenth century, Charles Dawin was just one of many independent researchers who, not reliant on grants or constrained by the conservative pressures of anonymous peer review, did stunningly original work. ---- These days the kinds of research that can happen are determined by science funding committees, not by the human imagination.
(A) That kind of freedom and independence has become almost non-existent.

(B) As science becomes more and more about climbing corporate career ladders, and less and less about soaring journey of the mind, so the public's distrust of scientists and their work seems to grow.

(C) Young graduates on short-term contracts constitute a growing scientific underclass.

A

A

B

B

C,B

C,B

A,C

A,C

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
God created the earth but the Dutch made the Netherlands. ----- It is the most obvious manifestation of the Dutch belief that everything, whether land or society or business, can be moulded by human aspiration and reason and effort.
(A) Twenty per cent of the country has been reclaimed from the sea and the process continues.

(B) The entire landscape urban and rural, is an are fact designed to accommodate the most congested population in Europe.

(C) The values of the Dutch are predominantly egalitarian rather than aristocratic, rural rather than urban.

A

A

B

B

A,B

A,B

C

C

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
The pressure to perform at some of our top educational institutions, is so unreasonably high that the focus is stolen from the real objective of either research or plan studies. ---- Mostly pushed to extreme levels of peer and academic pressure, they choose to end their lives.
(A) Every year, we hear of student suicides at the IIT s and the NITs.

(B) The answer may lie in the undue amount of stress that these youngsters go through in fighting an academic system, which places so much emphasis on academic achievements as an indicator of success.

(C) This is a systematic endemic that we have introduced into the academic world and the onus is on us to find a cure.

A

A

B

B

C

C

B,C

B,C

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
Although often benign, nature can be a terrible foe and mankind has fought a near constant battle against the results of its capriciousness - severe floods and storms, devastating earthquakes, and cataclysmic volcanic eruptions. ---- The omens for the next century and beyond are, however, far from encouraging.
(A) Dramatic rises in temperature and sea level i coming decades induced by greenhouse gases in combination with ever growing population will without doubt result in a huge increase in the number and intensity of natural disasters.

(B) The potential for the earth itself to do us serious harm is less widely documented.

(C) So far, however, we have been fortunate, and our civilization has grown and developed against a back drop of relative climatic and geological calm.

A

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
The birth of writing was the genesis of civilization. ------ Few things have been more significant for the development of homosapiens, the being whose period of dependency is longer, and whose genetically encode instincts are fewer than any other.
(A) Humanity's great evolutionary advantage is that we are par excellence, the learning animal.

(B) For the first time knowledge could be accumulated and handed on to future generations in a way that exceeded, in quantity and quality, the scope of unaided memory.

(C) Writing was the breakthrough by which the present could hand on the lessons of the past to the generations of the future.

A

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
The cryptic nature of scriptural revelations demands tremendous effort to unravel the sacred truths they proclaim. ----- The oral tradition of yore has been responsible in handing down the ancient knowledge proclaimed in the scriptures through a strong preceptor-disciple bond.
(A) Words carry deep meanings beyond the surface level and the meaning of esoteric truths cannot be realized from mere words or their meanings.

(B) The oral method of instruction from Guru to Sishya continues to be extremely valuable even in the midst of texts and commentaries in the print and electronic media.

(C) The lives of Acharyas and disciples illustrate the difficulties in the teaching learning process.

A

A

B

B

C

C

None of these

None of these

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
Recently India celebrated its 60th year of independence - momentous journey in realizing its constitutional goals and democratic aspirations. ----- Urgent steps are needed to establish a rule of law society in India, without which our fundamental credentials as a democracy, will be seriously undermined.
(A) While the strength of Indian democracy has withstood the last six decades of social, economic and political developments, there are numerous challenges to democratic governance.

(B) The rule of law is still not sufficiently established in the Indian society.

(C) Since independence, various attempts to enforce and institutionalise the rule of law in the Indian society have not achieved the intended results.

A

A

A, B

A, B

B

B

C

C

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
Modern western cultures have encouraged the view that 'being human means to be creative' - not simply living in response to nature. ----- The geographic location of facilities, academic preparation, cultural stimulus, and sponsorship by preparation foundations and governmets is mainly concentrated in advanced countries
(A) But the opportunities to be imaginative and creative in the economic arena are not spread evenly around the world.

(B) The present concentration in a few countries challenges the acceptability of globalisation.

(C) In economics and business, creativity for a nation means to be involved in scientific discovery and technological Innovation.

A and B

A and B

B

B

A

A

B and C

B and C

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