Goldman Sachs Reading Comprehension Quiz 1

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Direction for Q1 - Q5: Read the passage given below and answer the questions accordingly:

Nature writing is nonfiction or fiction prose or poetry about the natural environment. Nature writing encompasses a wide variety of works, ranging from those that place primary emphasis on natural history facts (such as field guides) to those in which philosophical interpretation predominate. It includes natural history essays, poetry, essays of solitude or escape, as well as travel and adventure writing.

Nature writing often draws heavily on scientific information and facts about the natural world; at the same time, it is frequently written in the first person and incorporates personal observations of and philosophical reflections upon nature.

Modern nature writing traces its roots to the works of natural history that were popular in the second half of the 18th century and throughout the 19th. An important early figure was the "parson-naturalist" Gilbert White (1720 – 1793), a pioneering English naturalist and ornithologist. He is best known for his Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne (1789).

Q1. Nature writing emphasizes on 

i.    Historical facts about the nature
ii.    Philosophical interpretations of the nature
iii.    Scientific information and facts

Choose the most appropriate:

None of the above

None of the above

Only (i) and (ii)

Only (i) and (ii)

All the above

All the above

Only (i) and (ii)

Only (i) and (ii)

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
Q2. Based on the passage what is period to which the modern nature writing can be traced to:

1750 till 1899

1750 till 1899

1850 to 1899

1850 to 1899

1850 till 1999

1850 till 1999

1750 till 1900

1750 till 1900

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
Q3. Which statement summarizes the above passage

The passage talks about the life and lessons of Gilbert White, a profound naturalist and ornithologist.

The passage talks about the life and lessons of Gilbert White, a profound naturalist and ornithologist.

The passage talks about how the nature writing is missing in the modern era and needs to be revived.

The passage talks about how the nature writing is missing in the modern era and needs to be revived.

The passage talks about from where the writers draw inspiration for nature writing, and how its importance is diminishing in the modern era.

The passage talks about from where the writers draw inspiration for nature writing, and how its importance is diminishing in the modern era.

The passage talks about what nature writing is, the different types of nature writing, its style, and about the roots and pioneer of modern nature writing.

The passage talks about what nature writing is, the different types of nature writing, its style, and about the roots and pioneer of modern nature writing.

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
Q4. Which word aptly describes the word “reflections” as used in the passage

Opinion

Opinion

Reproduction

Reproduction

Images

Images

None of the above

None of the above

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Q5. According to the passage, what kind of works are written as part of nature writing?

i.    Natural history essays and essays of solitude or escape
ii.    Poetry
iii.    Travel and adventure writing

Choose the correct options:

Only (i)

Only (i)

Only (i) and (ii)

Only (i) and (ii)

Only (ii) and (iii)

Only (ii) and (iii)

All the above

All the above

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
Direction for Q6 - Q9: Read the passage given below and answer the questions accordingly:

In the pantheon of great thinkers, Karl Marx certainly ranks as one of the most influential, even if it has been said that no thinker has ever had his words more badly misrepresented, by supporters and detractors alike, than Karl Marx. After Marx, no social discipline was safe from an assault by Marxist thinkers. However, while the views and insights brought to bear by Marxists have helped to illuminate relationships in some disciplines, the Marxist worldview has been less successful when applied to certain human interactions.

For example, Marxist perspectives on global power relations have been assailed by many critics. Because Marx himself was especially concerned with economics, his followers have tended to elevate economic concerns, including the class struggle and control over the means of production, over all other areas. Thus, when analyzing the balance of power on a global level, key concepts such as nationalism, security, and the state are virtually ignored by Marxist scholars.

On a theoretical level, it may be useful to strip away these concepts to more closely examine certain other dynamics at work, but the Marxist view often fails to describe what actually happens in the real world. Consider the strong nationalism evident in Poland, even after generations of one-party Communist rule.

Also, the Marxist devotion to capitalism leads to simplifications on the world stage. Marxist political scientists typically refer to the "world capitalist system" when analyzing interactions among nations, but this definition has less and less relevance when applied to the variety of economies at work in the world. Where do countries with transitional or developing economies such as China, Russia, and North Korea fit into this schema? Ultimately, a Marxist view of global interactions sacrifices a great many crucial concepts at the altar of one overarching economic perspective. Some critics have likened such a view to an analysis of Shakespeare’s Hamlet that neglects to discuss the protagonist and his motivations.


The passage suggests which of the following about Karl Marx?

Marx has had more influence on more disciplines than has any other thinker.

Marx has had more influence on more disciplines than has any other thinker.

He focused too much of his efforts on economic issues.

He focused too much of his efforts on economic issues.

Some believe the meaning of his work has been distorted to support a variety of views.

Some believe the meaning of his work has been distorted to support a variety of views.

Marx launched an assault on the social sciences.

Marx launched an assault on the social sciences.

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00


Q7: The author of the passage most probably discusses Poland in order to:

refute an argument about the viability of Communism as an economic system

refute an argument about the viability of Communism as an economic system

highlight an example of a country in which Communism has failed to take hold

highlight an example of a country in which Communism has failed to take hold

demonstrate how theoretical descriptions of nationalism conform to real world examples

demonstrate how theoretical descriptions of nationalism conform to real world examples

provide an illustration of a deficiency in the viewpoint held by certain scholars

provide an illustration of a deficiency in the viewpoint held by certain scholars

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
Q8: The passage suggests that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements?

Global power relations are too complex to be effectively explained in terms of a single variable.

Global power relations are too complex to be effectively explained in terms of a single variable.

The Marxist view of global relations should be abandoned because of its failures to accurately describe the world.

The Marxist view of global relations should be abandoned because of its failures to accurately describe the world.

The economies of China, Russia, and Korea will eventually transition to fully fledged capitalism.

The economies of China, Russia, and Korea will eventually transition to fully fledged capitalism.

Marx’s followers have misrepresented his work in an effort to apply his economic ideas to a global setting.

Marx’s followers have misrepresented his work in an effort to apply his economic ideas to a global setting.

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
Q9: As used in the passage, the phrase "world capitalist system" most likely refers to:

an effort by capitalist countries to attempt to dominate world markets

an effort by capitalist countries to attempt to dominate world markets

a homogeneity among the economies of the countries of the world

a homogeneity among the economies of the countries of the world

a fully integrated global economy

a fully integrated global economy

a system that fails to take into account developing or transitional economies

a system that fails to take into account developing or transitional economies

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
Read the passage and answer the question accordingly:

Education is a key area of focus. Although the world is making progress in achieving gender parity in education, girls still make up a higher percentage of out-of-school children than boys. Approximately one quarter of girls in the developing world do not attend school. Typically, families with limited means who cannot afford costs such as school fees, uniforms, and supplies for all of their children will prioritize education for their sons. Families may also rely on girls' labor for household chores, carrying water, and childcare, leaving limited time for schooling. But prioritizing girls' education provides perhaps the single highest return on investment in the developing world. An educated girl is more likely to postpone marriage, raise a smaller family, have healthier children, and send her own children to school. She has more opportunities to earn an income and to participate in political processes, and she is less likely to become infected with HIV.

Q10.What according to you should be an ideal situation in the society with regard to the genders?

Difference in income distribution

Difference in income distribution

Male dominance in science and technology related fields

Male dominance in science and technology related fields

Parity between the two genders with equal opportunities

Parity between the two genders with equal opportunities

Revolting situation to bring equality

Revolting situation to bring equality

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