3 Tier Architecture in DBMS

3 tier Architecture in DBMS 

In this article, we will learn about 3 Tier Architecture in DBMS.

  • DBMS architecture plays a key role in the design, development, implementation, and maintenance of the database management system of the company 
  • All the dynamic web application over the internet uses this three-tier architecture
  • The proper selection of database architecture will solve many design problems initially and also helps in quick and secured data access 
  • Any database management system uses any of the following 2 architectures 
    • 2 tier architecture (two-level)
    • 3 tier architecture (three-level) 
3 Tier Architecture in DBMS

3 tier architecture 

  • 3 tier architecture is the most popularly used DBMS architecture 
  •  As the name suggests three tiers consists of three components in addition to the client-side and server-side application of two-tier architecture, it consists application server layer as an intermediate tier between these two.

Components of 3 tier architecture 

1. Client-side : 
    • It is nothing but the presentation layer (your PC, Tablet, Mobile, etc.) 
    • It sends a request to the server-side via the application server layer
2. Application server : 
    • It is present as an intermediate tier between the client and server tires
    • Unlike two-tier architecture, in this requests are not directly sent from the client to the server-side, when a client sends a request first it is transferred to the application server then this application server  transfers the request to the server-side, followed by query processing and transaction management
    • This intermediate layer also acts as a senses medium for the exchange of partially processed data between server and client
3. Server-side:
    • Nothing but the database of the server-side application 
    • It sends responses to the requests received from the client-side to the application server and the application server, in turn, transfer them to the client-side.

Examples of three-tier architecture 

  • All large dynamic web applications  present over the internet or examples of this 3 tier architecture 
  • A large website like prepinsta.com over the internet is the best example, isn’t it?? 

Purpose of three-tier architecture 

  • Integrity: because of the middle layer between the client and server-side data  corruption can be removed 
  • Security: as there is no direct interaction between client and server we can restrict unauthorized access if any 
  • To provide a clear separation between the user application and physical database
  • Program data independence and multiple views of data 
  • Because of the above features, a large number of users can access a database easily 


  • There might be complexity in implementation and communication 
  • Sometimes it becomes difficult for interaction due to the presence of middle layers and responses may be delayed but they can be easily overcome by efficient server administration.