Right widget global elements

Very Important

On most websites, Armstrong number definition is given wrong. They all assume any number where the sum of the cubes of its digits is equal to the number itself is Armstrong Number.

However, Armstrong number is any number following the given rule –

  • abcd… = an + bn + cn + dn + …
  • Where n is the order(length/digits in number)
Armstrong Number in C

C Code:-

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>

// Armstrong number is any number following the given rule
// abcd... = a^n + b^n + c^n + d^n + ...
// Where n is the order(length/digits in number)

// Example = 153 (order/length = 3)
// 153 = 1^3 + 5^3 + 3^3 = 1 + 125 + 27 = 153

// Example = 1634 (order/length = 4)
// 1634 = 1^4 + 6^4 + 3^4 + 4^4 = 1 + 1296 + 81 + 256 = 1634

// number of digits in a number is order
int order(int x)
{
    int len = 0;
    while (x)
    {
        len++;
        x = x/10;
    }
    return len;
}

int armstrong(int num, int len){

    int sum = 0, temp, digit;
    temp = num;
    
    // loop to extract digit, find power & add to sum
    while(temp != 0)
    {
        // extract digit
        digit = temp % 10;

        // add power to sum
        sum = sum + pow(digit,len);
        temp /= 10;
    };

    return num == sum;
}

// Driver Code
int main ()
{
    int num, len;
 
    printf("Enter a number: ");
    scanf("%d",&num);
 
    // function to get order(length)
    len = order(num);
    
    // check if Armstrong
    if (armstrong(num, len))
        printf("%d is Armstrong", num);
    else
        printf("%d is Not Armstrong", num);

}

Output:-

Enter a number: 1634
1634 is Armstrong

Enter a number: 209
209 is Not Armstrong

Enter a number: 153
153 is Armstrong

Method 2

This method uses recursion in C

Code

#include<stdio.h> 
#include <math.h>
int order(int x)
{
    int len = 0;
    while (x)
    {
        len++;
        x = x/10;
    }
    return len;
}
int getArmstrongSum(int num, int order){
    
    if(num == 0)
        return 0;
    
    int digit = num % 10;
    
    return pow(digit, order) + getArmstrongSum(num/10, order);
}


// Driver Code
int main ()
{
    int num, len;
 
    printf("Enter a number: ");
    scanf("%d",&num);
 
    // function to get order(length)
    len = order(num);
    
    // check if Armstrong
    if (num == getArmstrongSum(num, len))
        printf("%d is Armstrong", num);
    else
        printf("%d is Not Armstrong", num);

}

Output

Enter a number: 1634
1634 is Armstrong

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