Top 30 Puzzels

Facts about Puzzle

Mathematical puzzles or math puzzles are based on logics and a bit of mathematics. These are very important in development of logical mind. One with a habit of solving math puzzles develops logical thinking and considered a very high IQ person. These puzzles are regardless of age group as it requires only a bit of mathematics but high logics.

Math puzzles now a days is becoming interest of employers during interview processes, which allows employers to test IQ of the candidate. Here we’ve listed 30 most famous mathematical puzzles which must be tried by everyone of every age group. Once you are done with all the 30 puzzles, you are now well prepared for any interview puzzles.


Top 25 Puzzles

You are blindfolded and 10 coins are place in front of you on table. You are allowed to touch the coins, but can’t tell which way up they are by feel. You are told that there are 5 coins head up, and 5 coins tails up but not which ones are which. Can you make two piles of coins each with the same number of heads up? You can flip the coins any number of times.
Top 30 Puzzles
Flipping Coins Puzzle
A man has 10 bags full of coins. Each bag contains 1000 coins. But one bag is full of forgeries, and he just can’t recall which one. He does know that genuine coins weigh 1 gram, but forgeries weigh 1.1 grams. To hide the fact that he can’t recall which bag contains forgeries, he needs your help. How can he identify the bag with the forgeries with just one weighing?
Top 30 Puzzles
Bag of Forgery Coins Puzzle
Suppose we have 3 glasses and 10 coins. The problem is to place odd number of coins in each glass i.e. each glass should contain coins and the number of coins in each glass must be odd and total coins which will be used must be equal to 10.
Top 30 Puzzles
3 Glass & 10 Coins Puzzle
There are 5 pirates, they must decide how to distribute 100 gold coins among them. The pirates have seniority levels, the senior-most is A, then B, then C, then D, and finally the junior-most is E.
What is maximum amount of coin that Pirate A might get?
Top 30 Puzzles
Pirates and 100 Coins Puzzle
There are 25 horses among which you need to find out the fastest 3 horses. You can conduct race among at most 5 to find out their relative speed. At no point you can find out the actual speed of the horse in a race. Find out how many races are required to get the top 3 horses.
Top 30 Puzzles
Horse Puzzle
At a party, everyone shook hands with everybody else. And there were no repetition i.e, two same people will not shake their hand twice. There were 66 handshakes. How many people were at the party?
Top 30 Puzzles
Handshake Puzzle
You have two ropes.
Each of them burns for one hour. They burn unevenly in different parts though – it means that one half can burn for 20 minutes and other half for 40 minutes. In addition you have a box of matches.
Measure 15 minutes!
Top 30 Puzzles
Burning Rope Puzzle
A lady buys goods worth Rs 200 from a shop, whose shopkeeper is selling the goods with zero profit.
  • The lady gives him a Rs 1000 note.
  • The shopkeeper gets the change from the next shop, keeps Rs 200 for himself, and returns Rs 800 to the lady.
  • Later the shopkeeper of the next shop comes with the Rs 1000 note saying “fake note” and takes his money back.
  • How much of a loss did the shopkeeper take?
Top 30 Puzzles
Shopkeeper & the fake note Puzzle
You have 8 balls all of the same size. 7 of them weigh the same, and one of them weighs slightly more. How can you find the ball that is heavier by using a balance and only two weighings?
Top 30 Puzzles
Havier Ball Puzzle
You are given four different jars of 2 liters, 4 liters, 6 liters and 8 liters respectively with an unlimited water supply. Then you are asked to measure exactly 5 liters of water using them.
How will you do it?
Top 30 Puzzles
5L measuring Puzzle
How many six digit numbers can be formed using the digits 1 to 6, without repetition such that the number is divisible by the digit at its unit place?
Top 30 Puzzles
6 Digit number Puzzle
You’ve got someone working for you for seven days and a gold bar to pay him. The gold bar is segmented into seven connected pieces. You must give them a piece of gold at the end of every day. What and where are the fewest number of cuts to the bar of gold that will allow you to pay him 1/7th each day?
Top 30 Puzzles
Gold Bar Puzzle
A bridge will collapse in 17 minutes.
4 people want to cross it before it will collapse. It is a dark night and there is only one torch between them. Only two people can cross at a time.
“A” takes a minute to cross.
“B” takes 2 minutes.
“C” takes 5
and “D” takes 10 minutes
How do they all cross before the bridge collapses?
Top 30 Puzzles
Crossing the Bridge Puzzle
You are a prisoner sentenced to death.
The Emperor offers you a last chance to live by playing a simple game.
He gives you 50 black marbles, 50 white marbles and 2 empty bowls.
He then says, “Divide these 100 marbles into these 2 bowls. You can divide them any way you like as long as you use all the marbles. Then I will blindfold you and mix the bowls around. You then can choose one bowl and remove ONE marble. If the marble is WHITE you will live, but if the marble is BLACK you will die.”
How do you divide the marbles up so that you have the greatest probability of saving your life that is choosing a WHITE marble?
Top 30 Puzzles
Death & Marbles Puzzle
People are waiting in line to board a 100-seat airplane. Steve is the first person in the line. He gets on the plane but suddenly can’t remember what his seat number is, so he picks a seat at random. After that, each person who gets on the plane sits in their assigned seat if it’s available, otherwise they will choose an open seat at random to sit in. The flight is full and you are last in line. What is the probability that you get to sit in your assigned seat?
Top 30 Puzzles
Airplane Seat Puzzle
There is a building of 100 floors
  • If an egg drops from the Nth floor or above it will break.
  • If it’s dropped from any floor below, it will not break.

You’re given 2 eggs.
Find N
How many drops you need to make?
What strategy should you adopt to minimize the number egg drops it takes to find the solution?
Top 30 Puzzles
2 Eggs & 100 Floors Puzzle
You went to a bank to cash out your cheque. By mistake the bank cashier gives you-
  • Dollar amount in cent, and
  • Cent amount in dollars.
On the way home you spends 5 cent, and then suddenly you notices that you have twice the amount of your cheque.
How much was have you written on cheque ?
Top 30 Puzzles
Bank Cashier Puzzle
A corporate businessman has two cubes on his office desk. Every day he arranges both cubes so that the front faces show the current day of the month.
What numbers are on the faces of the cubes to allow this? Note: You can’t represent the day “7” with a single cube with a side that says 7 on it. You have to use both cubes all the time. So the 7th day would be “07”.
Top 30 Puzzles
Calendar Cube Puzzle
Three ants are sitting at the three corners of an equilateral triangle. Each ant starts randomly picks a direction and starts to move along the edge of the triangle. What is the probability that none of the ants collide?
Top 30 Puzzles
Ants & Triangle Puzzle
Using only a Four-minute hourglass and a seven-minute hourglass, How will you measure exactly nine minutes?
Restriction:- Without the process taking longer than nine minutes.
Top 30 Puzzles
Measuring 9 mins Puzzle
On a circle there are 2014 light bulbs, 2 are ON, and 2012 are OFF.
You can choose any bulb and change the neighbor’s state i.e. ON to OFF or OFF to ON.
Doing so, What is the maximum number of bulbs we can turn on?
Top 30 Puzzles
Bulb in a Circle Puzzle
The owner of a banana plantation has a camel. He wants to transport his 3000 bananas to the market, which is located after the desert. The distance between his banana plantation and the market is about 1000 kilometer. So he decided to take his camel to carry the bananas. The camel can carry at the maximum of 1000 bananas at a time, and it eats one banana for every kilometer it travels.
What is the most bananas you can bring over to your destination?
Top 30 Puzzles
Camel & Bananas Puzzle
You are the ruler of a medieval empire and you are about to have a celebration tomorrow. The celebration is the most important party you have ever hosted. You’ve got 1000 bottles of wine you were planning to open for the celebration, but you find out that one of them is poisoned.
The poison exhibits no symptoms until death. Death occurs within ten to twenty hours after consuming even the minutest amount of poison.
What is the smallest number of prisoners you must have to drink from the bottles to be absolutely sure to find the poisoned bottle within 24 hours?
Top 30 Puzzles
King & Wine Puzzle
Sum Sam and Product Pete are in class when their teacher gives Sam the Sum of two numbers and Pete the product of the same two numbers (these numbers are greater than or equal to 2). They must figure out the two numbers.
  • Sam: I don’t know what the numbers are Pete.
  • Pete: I knew you didn’t know the numbers… But neither do I.
  • Sam: In that case, I do know the numbers.
What are the numbers?
Top 30 Puzzles
Sum & Product Puzzle
You are standing before two doors. One of the path leads to heaven and the other one leads to hell. There are two guardians, one by each door. You know one of them always tells the truth and the other always lies, but you don’t know who is the honest one and who is the liar.
You can only ask one question to one of them in order to find the way to heaven. What is the question?
Top 30 Puzzles
Heaven or Hell Puzzle
You have 3 jars that are all mislabeled. One jar contains Apple, another contains Oranges and the third jar contains a mixture of both Apple and Oranges.
You are allowed to pick as many fruits as you want from each jar to fix the labels on the jars. What is the minimum number of fruits that you have to pick and from which jars to correctly label them?
Top 30 Puzzles
3 Mislablled Jars Puzzle