Verbs and Tenses

Tenses

Tenses are something which tells when the action takes place, took place and will take place. Tense is the first step of any language. In this module, we will learn the different types and their usage.

Verbs

Verbs are often called an action. This tells us about the activities which we do. We have different forms of the verb which varies tense to tense. wherever there is an activity we use a verb.

Tenses :

It denotes the time of action. Basically, it tells you whether the action happens, happened or is going to happen.

Mainly there are 3 types of tenses which are as follows:

  • Present Tense
  • Past Tense
  • Future Tense
tenses rules in english

Verb :

A word which used to describe an action. A verb has the power of changing the sentence. 

There are many kinds of the verb which are as follows:

  • Action Verbs
  • Transitive Verbs
  • Intransitive Verbs
  • Auxiliary Verbs
  • Stative Verbs
  • Modal Verbs
  • Phrasal Verbs
  • Irregular Verbs

 

Tense Chart

TensesPresent TensePast
Tense
Future Tense
Simple
Tense
Ist Form + s/esIInd FormWill/Shall + Ist Form
Continuous TenseIs/Am/Are + Ist Form + ingWas/Were + Ist Form + ingWill be + Ist Form + ing

Perfect
Tense
Has/Have + IIIrd Form


Had + IIIrd Form

Will Have + IIIrd Form

Perfect Continuous
Tense
Has/Have Been + Ist Form + ing

Had Been + Ist Form + ing

Will Have Been + Ist Form + ing

Verb Chart

VerbsDeffinitionExample
Action Verbs
Action Verbs express some actionRun, Dance, Eat, Sleep, Stand, Smile
She runs faster than me
Transitive Verbs
used with an object which reffers to the person or thing that is affected by the action of verbLove, Respect,
He loved his girlfriend more than his wife.
Intransitive Verbs
This verb doesn’t take a direct object hence there is no action received by the objectLaugh, Walk, Eat, trave
John traveled to America.
Auxiliary Verbs
Auxiliary verbs are helping verbsDo, did, could, have,
I will go to the cinema after my exam
Stative Verbs
This verb express a state rather than an action, usually relate to emotions, senses and relationshipsee, hear, have, feel
She felt low today because of her bad health
Modal Verbs
Used to express abilities, possibilities, permissions, and obligationCan, Must, May, Could, Should, Would

May I go to office now?
You could do this.
Phrasal Verbs
Its a combination word. They are mainly used to make a meaning out of two worsdsBreak down, Run Out, Make Out, Face UP
She ran out of money.
My car broke down.
Irregular Verbs
Irregular verbs form their past and past participle forms in different ways.put – put – put
sit – sat – sat
drank – drunk