Singular and Plural

Singular and Plural Nouns

Singular Noun:  When we name one person, place, thing or idea, we call them a singular noun.

Plural Noun: When we name more than one person, place, thing or idea, we call them a plural noun. Plural nouns are often made of by adding ‘s’ or “es” to the singular noun.

singular plural

Rule 1: Add ‘s’ to make most nouns plural

SingularPlural
BoatBoats
HouseHouses
DogDogs
PotPots

Rule 2: Add ‘es’ to make nouns ending with s, x, z, ch, sh

SingularPlural
KissKisses
RushRushes
FoxFoxes
SwitchSwitches
BuzzBuzzes

Rule 3: Add ‘ies’ to make nouns ending with y

SingularPlural
BabyBabies
City Cities
BarbyBarbies
TechnologyTechnologies
StationaryStationaries

 

Rule 4: Irregular Nouns

SingularPlural
DiagnosisDiagnoses
SyllabusSyllabi/syllabuses
FocusFoci
FungusFungi
PhenomenonPhenomena
CriterionCriteria
GooseGeese
CactusCacti
Person People

Rule 5: Add “es” and replace f with v

SingularPlural
WifeWives
CalfCalves
HalfHalves
KnifeKnives