# Circular rotation of an array by K positions

## Circular Rotation of an Array by K Position in C

In this article, we will brief in on how to perform Circular rotation of an array by K positions in C programming. In circular rotation we will rotate the elements in the array where one rotation operation moves the last element of the array to the first position and shifts all remaining elements to the right. ## Keypoints:-

In this section we will learn about basic knowledge which we need to know before coding the above Program. So we must have knowledge of what is an array?

What is an array?
An array is a data structure, it is collection of similar data elements which is stored at contiguous memory locations in which each data element can be accessed directly by only using its index number.

How to declare an array?
To declare an array in C,a programmer specifies the type of the elements and the number of elements required by an array as follows − This is called a single-dimensional array. The arraySize must be an integer constant greater than zero and type can be any valid C data type. For example, to declare a 10-element array called balanceof type double, use this statement − Here balanceis a variable array which is sufficient to hold up to 10 double numbers.

## Algorithm

• Declare and initialize the array
• Enter index value for circular rotation
• Perform circular rotation
• Now using two for loops and a temp variable for  circular rotation
• Store last element of the array in temp variable
• Using second loop start shifting the elements of  the array  by one
• Than last element of the array will be added to the starting of the array
• Than display the array at the end. ## Code of Circular rotation of an array by K positions

```#include<stdio.h>
int main()
{
int size;
printf("Size of array: ");
scanf("%d",&size);
int arr[size];
printf("Enter the elements ");
for(int a=0;a<size;a++)
scanf("%d",&arr[a]);
int n;
printf("Enter the index from where you want your array to rotate ");
scanf("%d",&n);
printf("Array: \n");
for (int a = 0; a < size; a++) {
printf("%d ", arr[a]);
}
for(int a = 0; a < n; a++) { int b, temporary; temporary = arr[size-1]; for(b = size-1; b > 0; b--)
{
arr[b] = arr[b-1];
}
arr = temporary;
}
printf("\n");
printf("New Array: \n");
for(int a = 0; a< size; a++){
printf("%d ", arr[a]);
}
return 0;
}```
`InputSize of array: 6Enter the elements: 2 3 4 5 6 7Enter the index from where you want your array to rotate : 3 OutputArray:2 3 4 5 6 7New Array:5 6 7 2 3 4`