Cognizant Previous Year English Questions on Critical Reasoning

Question 1

Time: 00:00:00
Advertisement: Today's 'customers expect high quality. 
Every advance in the quality of manufactured products raises
customer expectations. The company that is satisfied with the
current quality of its products will soon find that its customers
are not. At MegaCorp, meeting or exceeding customer
expectations is our goal.

Which of the following must be true on the basis of the statements
in the advertisement above?

MegaCorp\'s competitors will succeed in attracting customers only if those competitors adopt MegaCorp\'s goal as their own.

MegaCorp\'s competitors will succeed in attracting customers only if those competitors adopt MegaCorp\'s goal as their own.

A company that does not correctly anticipate the expectations of its customers is certain to fail in advancing the quality of its products.

A company that does not correctly anticipate the expectations of its customers is certain to fail in advancing the quality of its products.

MegaCorp s goal is possible to meet only if continuing advances in product quality are possible.

MegaCorp s goal is possible to meet only if continuing advances in product quality are possible.

If a company becomes satisfied with the quality of its products, then the quality of its products is sure to decline.

If a company becomes satisfied with the quality of its products, then the quality of its products is sure to decline.

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Question 2

Time: 00:00:00
The Eurasian ruffe, a fish species inadvertently introduced
into North America's Great Lakes in recent years, feeds on
the eggs of lake whitefish, a native species, thus threatening
the lakes' natural ecosystem. To help track the ruffe's spread,
government agencies have produced wallet-sized cards about the ruffe.
The cards contain pictures. of the ruffe and explain the danger
they pose; the cards also request anglers to report any ruffe they catch.

Which of the following, if true, would provide the most support for
the prediction that the agencies' action will have its intended effect?

Ruffe generally feeds at night, but most recreational fishing on the Great Lakes is done during daytime hours.

Ruffe generally feeds at night, but most recreational fishing on the Great Lakes is done during daytime hours.

Most people who fish recreationally on the Great Lakes are interested in the preservation of the lake whitefish because it is a highly prized game fish

Most people who fish recreationally on the Great Lakes are interested in the preservation of the lake whitefish because it is a highly prized game fish

The ruffle is one of several non-native species in the Great Lakes whose existence threatens the survival of lake whitefish populations there.

The ruffle is one of several non-native species in the Great Lakes whose existence threatens the survival of lake whitefish populations there.

The bait that most people use when fishing for whitefish on the Great Lakes is not attractive to ruffe.

The bait that most people use when fishing for whitefish on the Great Lakes is not attractive to ruffe.

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Question 3

Time: 00:00:00
Physician: The hormone melatonin has shown promise as a 
medication for sleep disorders when taken in synthesized form.
Because the long-term side effects of synthetic melatonin are
unknown, however, I cannot recommend its use at this time.
Patient: Your position is inconsistent with your usual practice.
You prescribe many medications that you know have serious
side effects, so concern about side effects cannot be the real
reason you will not prescribe melatonin.

The patient's argument is flawed because it fails to consider that

 

The side effects of synthetic melatonin might be different from those of naturally produced melatonin

The side effects of synthetic melatonin might be different from those of naturally produced melatonin

Sleep disorders, if left untreated, might lead to serious medical complications.

Sleep disorders, if left untreated, might lead to serious medical complications.

The side effects of a medication can take some time to manifest themselves

The side effects of a medication can take some time to manifest themselves

Known risks can be weighed against known benefits, but unknown risks cannot

Known risks can be weighed against known benefits, but unknown risks cannot

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Question 4

Time: 00:00:00
In an attempt to abate the destructive decline in Micro Chip's 
revenue brought about by shrinking demand that is accompanying
an economic recession, Micro Chip is offering customers a
50% discount for the next three months on all purchases
fully paid for within 15 days.

Which of the following assumptions most underlies the
chip maker's offer of a discount?

Micro Chip expects this discount to help the company retain existing customers and gain new ones, enabling the firm to survive in the long-term.

Micro Chip expects this discount to help the company retain existing customers and gain new ones, enabling the firm to survive in the long-term.

The government will provide massive technology tax credits to businesses, spurring them to purchase chips and other related products.

The government will provide massive technology tax credits to businesses, spurring them to purchase chips and other related products.

The government will not pursue Micro Chip if in fact, its behaviour in offering a deep discount amounts to a violation of predatory pricing laws.

The government will not pursue Micro Chip if in fact, its behaviour in offering a deep discount amounts to a violation of predatory pricing laws.

The decrease in revenue brought about by the reduction in price will be smaller than the anticipated increase in revenue brought about by the increase

The decrease in revenue brought about by the reduction in price will be smaller than the anticipated increase in revenue brought about by the increase

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Question 5

Time: 00:00:00
Eating beets significantly lowers the risk of cancer, according 
to an article in a nutritional magazine. The article refers to
a study that found that people who consumed one or more beets
per day were half as likely to be diagnosed with the disease
as people who did not.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens the argument
in the magazine article?

Another study found that people who consumed one tablespoon of flax seed oil per day were more than four times less likely to be diagnosed with cancer.

Another study found that people who consumed one tablespoon of flax seed oil per day were more than four times less likely to be diagnosed with cancer.

Participants in the study reported consuming no vegetables other than beets.

Participants in the study reported consuming no vegetables other than beets.

In another experiment, cancer patients who ate one or more beets per day were no more likely to recover than those who ate no beets.

In another experiment, cancer patients who ate one or more beets per day were no more likely to recover than those who ate no beets.

The participants in the study who ate beets were more likely to exercise regularly than those who did not eat beets.

The participants in the study who ate beets were more likely to exercise regularly than those who did not eat beets.

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Question 6

Time: 00:00:00
We, at Comfort Stationers, have always been striving to provide 
stationery items that would make your work more enjoyable and
less strenuous. Our latest innovations are a smooth-flow pen
and gradual-friction paper. A combination of these two reduces
strain on your fingers and allows faster writing the causes
lesser fatigue. Therefore, replacement of your pen and paper
with our innovative products reduces cost of clerical jobs.
Which of the following, if true, would weaken the conclusion
drawn in the above argument?

Those who are already using the above new products report greater difficulty in the transition from new products to regular ones than from the regular ones to the new ones.

Those who are already using the above new products report greater difficulty in the transition from new products to regular ones than from the regular ones to the new ones.

The cost of manufacturing these new products is not more than the cost of manufacturing the regular ones and the new products last longer than the regular ones.

The cost of manufacturing these new products is not more than the cost of manufacturing the regular ones and the new products last longer than the regular ones.

The number of offices using the new products is increasing month by month.

The number of offices using the new products is increasing month by month.

These products need to be purchased in huge lots and need to be stored in special conditions. The cost of procurement and strong is quite high.

These products need to be purchased in huge lots and need to be stored in special conditions. The cost of procurement and strong is quite high.

It is found that children get adapted to the new products faster than grown-ups.

It is found that children get adapted to the new products faster than grown-ups.

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Question 7

Time: 00:00:00
The Indian Ministry of Defence has objected to the building 
of roads by Pakistan's military close to the line of actual
control (LOC), a corridor of width 2 km on either side of which
has been declared as no military zone under a bilateral agreement
between the two countries into Indian territory. However Pakistan
argues that it enables its government to develop thickly populated
tribal areas tucked close to the LOC on the side of Pakistan.
A. Roads built by Bangladesh government along the West Bengal state
border have been effectively used by the Maoists to transport their
cadre in to the forests in West Bengal and further down south.
B. Prime Minister of India should take up the matter with the head
of the Pakistani government.
C. Terrorists cannot use these roads as these roads are well within
the range of the Indian military radars. Even a slightest movement in
this area can easily be detected and action can be taken very quickly.
D. A large area of forest cover has to be declared to lay these roads
which would reduce the cover which is essential for the terrorists to
infiltrate in to the Indian side.
E. These roads are being built at a distance less than 2 km from
the LOC.
Which of the statements A, B, C, D and E mentioned above would best
represents a course of action which can be taken by the Indian
government to stall the laying of roads by the Pakistani military?

 

A

A

B

B

C

C

D

D

E

E

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Question 8

Time: 00:00:00
Read the above passage, answer the below question.
Which of the statements A, B, C, D, and E mentioned above would
represent an assumption implicit in the given paragraph or an
inference which can be drawn from it?

Only C

Only C

Only E

Only E

Only B and D

Only B and D

Only A

Only A

Only D

Only D

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Question 9

Time: 00:00:00
Read the above passage, answer the below question.
Which of the statements A, B, C, D and E mentioned above
would weaken the apprehensions of the Indian government?

Only C and D

Only C and D

Only A

Only A

Only B

Only B

Only E

Only E

Only D

Only D

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Question 10

Time: 00:00:00
While expressing concern over the rapid pullout of foreign 
institutional investor (FII) money, the finance minister
said that it is mainly due to the economic crisis in Europe
and the pullout is adversely affecting the Indian stock market.
FIIs said that they are in need of funds to stabilise their
operations in the European markets.
A. There is no lock-in period for the FII money for the pullout.
B. The pilled out FII money will be used by the institutions for
their European operations.
C. Some FII money that was pulled out was invested in the Indian
stock market.
D. The domestic institutional investors may also pull out of the
Indian stock market.
E. The FIIs do not have sufficient money to handle European crisis
and also to remain invested in the Indian stock market.
Which of the statements A, B, C, D and E mentioned above
represents inferences that can be drawn from the above statement?

 

A and E

A and E

B alone

B alone

C and E

C and E

D alone

D alone

E alone

E alone

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