June 24, 2019
In order to determine automobile insurance premiums for a driver,
insurance companies calculate various risk factors; as the risk
factors increase, so does the premium. Certain factors, such as
the driver’s age and past accident history, play an important
role in these calculations. Yet, these premiums should also
increase the number of miles that the driver drives.
After all, a person’s chance of being involved in a mishap
increases in proportion to the number of times that person drives.
Which one of the following, if true, most undermines the argument?
People who drive infrequently are more likely to be involved accidents that occur on small roads than in highway accidents.
People who drive infrequently are less likely to follow rules for safe driving than are people who drive frequently.
People who drive infrequently are less likely to violate local speed limits than are people who drive frequently.
People who drive frequently are more likely to make long-distance trips in the course of a year than are people who drive infrequently.
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The claim that insurance premiums should increase as the
frequency with which a driver drives increases plays which
one of the following roles in the argument?
A premise of the argument.
The conclusion of the argument.
Evidence offered in support of one of the premises.
An assertion phrased to preclude an anticipated objection.
A law requiring companies to offer employees unpaid time off
to care for their children will harm the economic
competitiveness of our nation’s businesses. Companies must be
free to set their own employment policies without mandated
parental-leave regulations. Which of the following, if true,
would most seriously weaken the conclusion of the argument above?
Many businesses in this country already offer employees some form of parental leave.
A parental-leave law will serve to strengthen the family as a social institution in this country.
In most polls, a majority of citizens say they favor passage of a parental-leave law.
Some of the countries with the most economically competitive businesses have strong parental-leave regulations.
Studies of fatal automobile accidents reveal that, in the
majority of cases in which one occupant of an automobile is
killed while another survives, it is the passenger,
not the driver, who is killed. It is ironic that the innocent
passenger should suffer for the driver’s carelessness,
while the driver often suffers only minor injuries or none at all.
Which of the following is an assumption underlying the reasoning
in the passage above?
In most fatal automobile accidents, the driver of a car in which an occupant is killed is at fault.
Drivers of automobiles are rarely killed in auto accidents.
Auto safety experts should increase their efforts to provide protection for those in the passenger seats of automobiles.
Most deaths in fatal automobile accidents are suffered by occupants of cars rather than by pedestrians.
Are you still reading the other newspaper in town? Did you
know that the Daily Bugle is owned by an out-of-town business
syndicate that couldn’t care less about the people of Gotham
City? Read the Daily Clarion, the only real voice of the
people of Gotham City!
Which of the following most directly refutes the argument
raised in the advertisement above?
Over half of the advertising revenues of the Daily Clarion come from firms whose headquarters are located outside of Gotham City.
The Daily Clarion usually devotes more of its pages to out-of-town news than does the Daily Bugle.
The editor-in-chief and all the other members of the editorial staff of the Daily Bugle have lived and worked in Gotham City for ten years or more.
The Daily Bugle has been published in Gotham City for a longer time than has the Daily Clarion.
Anthropologist: Climate and geology determine where human
industry can be established. Drastic shifts in climate always
result in migrations, and migrations bring about the
intermingling of ideas necessary for rapid advances in civilization.
The anthropologist's statements, if true, most strongly
support which one of the following?
Climate is the primary cause of migration
All shifts in climate produce a net gain in human progress.
A population remains settled only where the climate is fairly stable.
Populations settle in every place where human industry can be established.
The earth’s resources are being depleted much too fast. To
correct this, the United States must keep its resource
consumption at present levels for many years to come.
The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?
Per capita resource consumption in the United States is at an all-time high.
The United States uses more resources than any other country.
Curbing U.S. resource consumption will significantly retard world resource depletion.
The United States imports most of the resources it uses.
Alba: I don’t intend to vote for Senator Frank in the next
election. She is not a strong supporter of the war against crime.
Tam: But Senator Frank sponsored the latest anti-crime law
passed by the Senate.
Alba: If Senator Frank sponsored it, it can’t be a very strong
Which of the following identifies the most serious logical flaw
in Alba’s reasoning?
The facts she presents do not support her conclusion that Senator Frank is soft on crime.
She assumes without proof that crime is the most important issue in the upcoming election.
She argues in a circle, using an unsupported assertion to dismiss conflicting evidence.
She attacks Senator Frank on personal grounds rather than on the merit as a political leader.
As an experienced labour organizer and the former head of
one of the nation’s most powerful labour unions, Grayson is
an excellent choice to chair the new council on business-labour
Which of the following, if true, would most strengthen the
The new council must have the support of the nation’s labor leaders if it is to succeed.
During his years as a labor leader, Grayson established a record of good relations with business leaders.
An understanding of the needs and problems of labor is the only qualification necessary for the job of chairing the new council.
Most of the other members of the new council will be representatives of business management interests.
Ronald: According to my analysis of the national economy,
housing prices should not increase during the next six
months unless interest rates drop significantly.
Mark: I disagree. One year ago, when interest rates last
fell significantly, housing prices did not increase at all.
It can be inferred from the conversation above that Mark
has interpreted Ronald’s statement to mean that
housing prices will rise only if interest rates fall
if interest rates fall, housing prices must rise
interest rates and housing prices tend to rise and fall together
interest rates are the only significant economic factor affecting housing prices
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